Alcohol: the complete collection

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Alcohol: the complete collection

All Effectiveness Bank analyses to date of documents related to alcohol compiled for our supporter Alcohol Change UK, starting with the analyses most recently added or updated, totalling today 767 documents.

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STUDY 2010 HTM file
Ethnic differences in drinking outcomes following a brief alcohol intervention in the trauma care setting

Field C.A., Caetano R., Harris T.R. et al.
Addiction: 2010, 105(1), p. 62–73.
At a US emergency department, a brief conversation about the pros and cons of their drinking and offers of support for any efforts to reduce harm led (compared to assessment and usual care) to extra reductions in the drinking of injured Hispanic patients but not white or black patients.

STUDY 2010 HTM file
The role of ethnic matching between patient and provider on the effectiveness of brief alcohol interventions with Hispanics

Field C.A., Caetano R.
Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research: 2010, 34(2), p. 262–271.
At a US emergency department, a brief conversation about the pros and cons of their risky drinking and offers of support for any efforts to reduce harm led to extra reductions in the drinking of Hispanic patients which were greatest when they were matched to a Hispanic and Spanish-speaking counsellor.

STUDY 2010 HTM file
Failure to reduce drinking and driving in France: a 6-year prospective study in the GAZEL cohort

Constant A., Lafont S., Chiron M. et al.
Addiction: 2010, 105(1), p. 57–61.
Concludes that the low risk of getting caught and the embededness of drinking in the social life of France meant that, despite a big impact on speeding, traffic violation crackdowns did not reduce the prevalence of drink-driving.

REVIEW 2010 HTM file
The relation between different dimensions of alcohol consumption and burden of disease: an overview

Rehm J., Baliunas D., Borges G.L.G. et al.
Addiction: 2010, 105(5), p. 817–84.
Comprehensive assessment of which diseases and other forms of ill health are caused or aggravated by drinking, how these impacts vary with the amount drunk, and whether heavy drinking occasions as well as heavy average consumption contribute to ill health.

STUDY 2005 HTM file
Are alcohol excise taxes good for us? Short and long-term effects on mortality rates

Cook P.J., Ostermann J., Sloan F.A.
Cambridge Massachusetts: National Bureau of Economic Research, 2005.
On the basis of US state-level data, concludes that higher alcohol taxes reduce the death rate by cutting consumption. Beneficial effects of moderate drinking in middle age are more than counter-balanced by adverse effects of heavier drinking and acute deaths in younger groups.

REVIEW 2010 HTM file
Assessing user perceptions of staff training requirements in the substance use workforce: a review of the literature

Wylie L.
Drugs: education, prevention and policy: 2010, 17(5), p. 618–631
Reviews the literature on what qualities and competences service users would like to see developed in the staff who counsel and treat them; above all it seems, a "positive and humanistic attitude" towards the user.

STUDY 2010 HTM file
Whole person recovery: a user-centred systems approach to problem drug use

Daddow R., Broome S.
London: Royal Society of Arts, 2010
Report on the first phases of the Whole Person Recovery Project in England which aimed to place drug and alcohol/service users at the centre of an approach to fostering holistic recovery from addiction based on the collective effort of 'recovery communities'.

REVIEW 2010 HTM file
Is the therapeutic community an evidence-based treatment? What the evidence says

De Leon G.
Therapeutic Communities: 2010, 31(2), p. 104–128.
By means of this review of prominent North American trials and meta-analyses, a leading researcher in to therapeutic communities tries to settle the issue of whether these effectively and cost-effectively treat addiction, so research can move on to how to make them more effective.

REVIEW 2010 HTM file
Community reinforcement and family training: an effective option to engage treatment-resistant substance-abusing individuals in treatment

Roozen H.G., de Waart, van der Kroft P.
Addiction: 2010, 105, p. 1729–1738.
Review concludes that neither confrontation nor disengagement from a family member work as well at engaging them in treatment as an approach based on systematically organising the intended patient's social environment to reward treatment entry.

STUDY 2009 HTM file
Use of small incentives for increasing participation and reducing dropout in a family drug-use prevention program in a Spanish sample

Díaz S. A-H., Pérez J.M.E.
Substance Use and Misuse: 2009, 44(14), p. 1990–2000.
In Spain offering families of secondary school children a low-value voucher to come to family-based prevention sessions greatly improved attendance even after the vouchers were discontinued.

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