All Effectiveness Bank analyses to date of documents related to alcohol compiled for our supporter Alcohol Change UK, starting with the analyses most recently added or updated, totalling today 775 documents.
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Constant A., Lafont S., Chiron M. et al.
Addiction: 2010, 105(1), p. 57–61.
Concludes that the low risk of getting caught and the embededness of drinking in the social life of France meant that, despite a big impact on speeding, traffic violation crackdowns did not reduce the prevalence of drink-driving.
Rehm J., Baliunas D., Borges G.L.G. et al.
Addiction: 2010, 105(5), p. 817–84.
Comprehensive assessment of which diseases and other forms of ill health are caused or aggravated by drinking, how these impacts vary with the amount drunk, and whether heavy drinking occasions as well as heavy average consumption contribute to ill health.
Cook P.J., Ostermann J., Sloan F.A.
Cambridge Massachusetts: National Bureau of Economic Research, 2005.
On the basis of US state-level data, concludes that higher alcohol taxes reduce the death rate by cutting consumption. Beneficial effects of moderate drinking in middle age are more than counter-balanced by adverse effects of heavier drinking and acute deaths in younger groups.
Drugs: education, prevention and policy: 2010, 17(5), p. 618–631
Reviews the literature on what qualities and competences service users would like to see developed in the staff who counsel and treat them; above all it seems, a "positive and humanistic attitude" towards the user.
STUDY 2010 HTM file
Whole person recovery: a user-centred systems approach to problem drug use
Daddow R., Broome S.
London: Royal Society of Arts, 2010
Report on the first phases of the Whole Person Recovery Project in England which aimed to place drug and alcohol/service users at the centre of an approach to fostering holistic recovery from addiction based on the collective effort of 'recovery communities'.
REVIEW 2010 HTM file
Is the therapeutic community an evidence-based treatment? What the evidence says
De Leon G.
Therapeutic Communities: 2010, 31(2), p. 104–128.
By means of this review of prominent North American trials and meta-analyses, a leading researcher in to therapeutic communities tries to settle the issue of whether these effectively and cost-effectively treat addiction, so research can move on to how to make them more effective.
Roozen H.G., de Waart, van der Kroft P.
Addiction: 2010, 105, p. 1729–1738.
Review concludes that neither confrontation nor disengagement from a family member work as well at engaging them in treatment as an approach based on systematically organising the intended patient's social environment to reward treatment entry.
Díaz S. A-H., Pérez J.M.E.
Substance Use and Misuse: 2009, 44(14), p. 1990–2000.
In Spain offering families of secondary school children a low-value voucher to come to family-based prevention sessions greatly improved attendance even after the vouchers were discontinued.
Gans J., Falco M., Schackman B.R. et al.
Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse: 2010, 19(1), p. 33–47.
US substance use treatment programmes for adolescents which had been recommended by experts were nevertheless highly variable and inconsistent in the quality of their screening and assessment of the substance use, family circumstances and mental health of their patients.
STUDY 2010 HTM file
Alcohol misusers' experiences of employment and the benefit system
Bauld L., Carroll C., Hay G. et al.
[UK] Department for Work and Pensions, 2010
Substantial barriers to employment were revealed by interviews with alcohol service clients in Britain and with staff working in or with treatment agencies. Holistic recovery rather than just completing treatment was the key. Reviews relevant international research.
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