Alcohol: the complete collection

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Alcohol: the complete collection

All Effectiveness Bank analyses to date of documents related to alcohol compiled for our supporter Alcohol Change UK, starting with the analyses most recently added or updated, totalling today 770 documents.

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REVIEW 2010 HTM file
Acamprosate for alcohol dependence

Rsner S., Hackl-Herrwerth A., Leucht S. et al.
Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: 2010, 9. Art. No. CD004332.
The first Cochrane review of the drug acamprosate as a treatment for alcohol dependence finds clear evidence that it offers worthwhile if modest benefits in preventing a return to drinking after detoxification.

STUDY 2010 HTM file
Twelve-month follow-up results from a randomized controlled trial of a brief personalized feedback intervention for problem drinkers

Cunningham J.A., Wild C., Cordingley J. et al.
Alcohol & Alcoholism: 2010, 45(3), p. 258–262.
With other similar work, this Canadian study suggests that internet-based programs which offer feedback to the user on their drinking in relation to the population and on the risks they may be running can lead to drinking reductions of the same order as face-to-face advice.

REVIEW ABSTRACT 2009 HTM file
Cognitive-behavioral treatment with adult alcohol and illicit drug users: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

Magill M., Ray L.A.
Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs: 2009, 70, 516–527.
Cognitive-behavioural therapies are among the most widespread and influential approaches to substance use, yet this analysis found they conferred just a small advantage over other therapies. Perhaps other features are more important than the therapeutic 'brand'.

STUDY 2009 HTM file
Secondary prevention of hazardous alcohol consumption in psychiatric out-patients: a randomised controlled study

Eberhard S, Nordström G., Höglund P. et al.
Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology: 2009, 44(12), p. 1013–1021.
Set in Sweden, the first study among psychiatric outpatients to test brief alcohol interventions against screening alone found worthwhile extra drinking reductions after brief motivational advice. Use of a telephone-based intervention was another innovation.

STUDY 2009 HTM file
Evidence-based practice? The National Probation Service's work with alcohol-misusing offenders

McSweeney T., Webster R., Turnbull P.J. et al.
[UK] Ministry of Justice, 2009.
This report on work in England and Wales describes a system creatively grappling with a huge drink problem among offenders, but one undermined by lack of evidence about what works and by under-resourcing linked to a dispute over whether health or probation should bear the core funding burden.

STUDY 2009 HTM file
Effectiveness of experimenter-provided and self-generated implementation intentions to reduce alcohol consumption in a sample of the general population: a randomized exploratory trial

Armitage C.J.
Health Psychology: 2009, 28(5), p. 545–553.
When researchers surveyed people's drinking and then asked them to make concrete plans to drink sensibly, a month later the heavy drinkers among them had significantly cut their consumption. This British study could help extend the reach of brief intervention programmes.

STUDY 2009 HTM file
Translating effective web-based self-help for problem drinking into the real world

Riper H., Kramer J., Conijn B. et al.
Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research: 2009, 33(8), p. 1401–1408.
Combining a randomised trial with a 'real-world' test, studies of the Dutch Drinking Less programme have gone further than any others to establish the beneficial impacts of web-based alcohol self-help interventions.

STUDY 2006 PDF file 113Kb
Recently attempting suicide one of the strongest indicators for residential treatment

Ilgen MA, Tiet Q, Finney JW, Harris AH
in the Drug and Alcohol Findings magazine
In this US study most patients benefited to roughly the same degree from residential and non-residential programmes, but those who had recently attempted suicide responded dramatically better to residential programmes, doing even better than the other patients.

REVIEW 2006 PDF file 174Kb
Antidepressants curb depression but add little to strong 'talking therapies'

Hesse M. Nunes E.V. Levin F.R. Torrens M. Fonsecca F. Mateu G. Farr M.
in the Drug and Alcohol Findings magazine
A trio of reviews of trials of antidepressants in the treatment of depressed alcohol or drug dependent patients have clarified that they do help the severely depressed, but also that they add little to psychosocial approaches such as cognitive-behavioural therapy.

STUDY 2006 PDF file 171Kb
Matching resources to needs is key to achieving 'wrap-around' care objectives

Carise D, Gurel O, McLellan AT, Dugosh K, Kendig C
in the Drug and Alcohol Findings magazine
Linking treatment intake assessments to a computerised guide to local welfare and medical services transformed the assessments from redundant paperwork into a practical route to the reintegration services being advocated in Britain – and treatment completion rates doubled.


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