Alcohol: the complete collection

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Alcohol: the complete collection

All Effectiveness Bank analyses to date of documents related to alcohol compiled for our supporter Alcohol Change UK, starting with the analyses most recently added or updated, totalling today 768 documents.

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STUDY 2006 PDF file 199Kb
A&E units save health service resources by addressing drinking

Gentilello L.M. Ebel B. E. Wickizer T.M.
in the Drug and Alcohol Findings magazine
This US study estimated that each $ spent screening for and offering advice to heavy drinking emergency patients would save nearly $4 in health care costs due to reduced hospital re-attendance. A British trial suggests similar savings might be found in the UK.

STUDY 2006 PDF file 164Kb
UK trial bolsters case for well-supervised alcohol therapy

UKATT Research Team Godfrey C. Orford J.
in the Drug and Alcohol Findings magazine
This major British trial found that an alcohol dependence therapy designed to improve on short motivational approaches led to no greater benefits for patients or cost-savings for society. Instead the study has been used to argue that alcohol treatment overall saves money.

STUDY 2006 PDF file 264Kb
Ongoing support encourages GPs to advise heavy drinkers

Funk M.
in the Drug and Alcohol Findings magazine
Screening and brief intervention for risky drinking is a major plank in the English alcohol strategy. A WHO trial in six countries including England has shown that personal contact and ongoing support are needed to encourage even modest levels of intervention by GPs.

STUDY 2006 PDF file 172Kb
Adjust therapist directiveness to client resistance

Karno M.P.
in the Drug and Alcohol Findings magazine
Persuasive evidence from the US Project MATCH alcohol treatment trial that a non-directive therapeutic style suits clients prone anger or defensiveness or who like to take control, and more structured and directive approaches suit those who welcome being given a lead.

REVIEW 2010 HTM file
A meta-analysis of motivational interviewing: twenty-five years of empirical studies

Lundahl B.W, Kunz C., Brownell C. et al.
Research on Social Work Practice: 2010, 20(2), p. 137–160.
Better than 'treatment as usual' but not than other specific therapies are the headlines from the most comprehensive synthesis of motivational interviewing studies to date. Along the way are insights in to the equivocal value of manuals and of feeding back assessment results to patients.

REVIEW 2009 HTM file
Integrated psychological treatment for substance use and co-morbid anxiety or depression vs. treatment for substance use alone: a systematic review of the published literature

Hesse M.
BMC Psychiatry: 2009, 9(6).
Most patients at drug and alcohol services suffer depression and/or anxiety, far too many and usually not severely enough to engage mental health services. Faced with this huge problem, should services offer special mental health therapies, or is substance-focused treatment sufficient?

STUDY 2010 HTM file
Initial preference for drinking goal in the treatment of alcohol problems: II. Treatment outcomes

Adamson S.J., Heather N., Morton V. et al.
Alcohol and Alcoholism: 2010, 45(2), p. 136–142.
Data from Britain's largest alcohol treatment trial is used to address possibly the most contentious issue in the field – whether services should offer moderation as well as abstinence goals to dependent clients. 'Let the patient choose' seems the general conclusion.

REVIEW 2009 HTM file
Guide to implementing family skills training programmes for drug abuse prevention

Kumpfer K.
United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, 2009.
UN-commissioned guidance from international experts on how to mount prevention programmes based on family skills training involving parents and children in a joint effort to improve family dynamics and child development. Engaging parents seems the major barrier.

REVIEW 2009 HTM file
Traditional medicine in the treatment of drug addiction

Lu L., Liu Y., Zhu W. et al.
American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse: 2009, 35(1), p. 1–11.
A China-North America funding and authorship collaboration has assessed the evidence for the main traditional herbal remedies in addiction treatment, and made a new assessment of the role of acupuncture; generally, 'promising' was most positive verdict it could reach.

NOTES 2002 PDF file 166Kb
Residential versus non-residential treatment

Ashton M.
Notes on whether and for whom residential care improves on (generally intensive) non-residential alternatives.


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