All Effectiveness Bank analyses to date of documents related to alcohol compiled for our supporter Alcohol Change UK, starting with the analyses most recently added or updated, totalling today 777 documents.
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Litt M.D., Kadden R.M., Kabela-Cormier E. et al.
Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology: 2009, 77(2), p. 229–242.
Treatment services do not have to adopt, or ask patients to adopt, the belief system on which 12-step groups are founded in order to effectively encourage patients to tap in to the social support offered by these groups and improve their chances of sustained abstinence.
Campbell C.A., Hahn R.A., Elder R. et al.
American Journal of Preventive Medicine: 2009, 37(6), p. 556–569.
The review which led a national US task force to recommend limiting the concentration of retail alcohol outlets as an important public health measure to curb excessive alcohol use and related harms. In much of the UK though, licensing law severely limits the scope for action.
Doran C., Vos T., Cobiac L. et al.
University of Queensland, 2008.
Comprehensive calculations from Australia offer clues to what in countries like the UK would make the biggest dent in alcohol-related harm at the lowest cost; top of the list were alcohol tax rises, advertising bans, licensing controls, and random breath testing.
DeGarmo D.S., Eddy J.M., Reid J.B. et al.
Prevention Science: 2009, 10(3), p. 208–220.
Again an early schools programme which does not mention substance use at all but focuses on overall child development has later impacts on substance use (plus other benefits) as great as targeted drug education is typically able to produce.
Timko C., DeBenedetti A.
Drug and Alcohol Dependence: 2007, 90, p. 270–279.
Even in a largely 12-step oriented programme, this US study showed that persistent and practical efforts can modestly strengthen 12-step group involvement after treatment and improve outcomes.
Blueprint Evaluation Team.
Blueprint Evaluation Team, 2009.
In the British context, it was expected to decide whether an evidence-based, well structured and well resourced drug education programme could contribute to reducing youth substance use, yet the multi-million pound Blueprint study never got near fulfilling its promise.
REVIEW 2009 HTM file
The state of pharmacotherapy for the treatment of alcohol dependence
Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment: 2009, 36(suppl. 1), p. S15–S23.
Review finds some but inconsistent and often modest support for each of the four medications approved by the US administration for the treatment of alcohol dependence: disulfiram; acamprosate; oral naltrexone; and once-monthly, injectable, extended-release naltrexone.
REVIEW ABSTRACT 2009 HTM file
Continuing care research: what we have learned and where we are going
Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment: 2009, 36, p. 131–145.
Are alcohol and drug dependence best treated as chronic conditions needing extended care, or should we expect patients to recover and leave treatment? Whatever the answer, this review finds that generally the offer of long-term continuing care leads to better outcomes.
STUDY 2005 PDF file 104Kb
Drug prevention best done by school's own teachers not outside specialists
in the Drug and Alcohol Findings magazine
An evaluation of the US All Stars programme for early secondary school provided a rare opportunity to test whether drug prevention is best done by outside specialists or a school's own teachers; the teachers won out, despite needing less training.
STUDY 2005 PDF file 108Kb
Feedback to police and licensees helps cut alcohol-related violence and crime
in the Drug and Alcohol Findings magazine
Asking alcohol-related offenders where they last drank enabled police to target licensed premises associated with alcohol-related crime. After a trial showed it was feasible and reduced alcohol-related incidents, the system was implemented across New South Wales.
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