Alcohol: the complete collection

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Alcohol: the complete collection

All Effectiveness Bank analyses to date of documents related to alcohol compiled for our supporter Alcohol Change UK, starting with the analyses most recently added or updated, totalling today 770 documents.

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STUDY 2008 HTM file
Substance use outcomes 5½ years past baseline for partnership-based, family-school preventive interventions

Spoth R.L., Randall G.K., Trudeau L. et al.
Drug and Alcohol Dependence: 2008, 96(1–2), p, 57–68.
Two of the most widely recommended US school and family prevention programmes retarded growth in some forms of substance use, especially among youngsters who had already used by their early teens, but there are some methodological concerns over the findings.

STUDY 2008 HTM file
Promoting continuing care adherence among substance abusers with co-occurring psychiatric disorders following residential treatment

DeMarce J.M., Lash S.J., Stephens R.S. et al.
Addictive Behaviors: 2008, 33, p. 1104–1112.
Further analysis of findings from a US inpatient centre shows that systematically applying simple prompts and motivators especially and substantially improved aftercare attendance among patients with mental health problems, helping sustain progress made during initial treatment.

REVIEW 2008 HTM file
A systematic review of emergency care brief alcohol interventions for injury patients

Nilsen P., Baird J., Mello M.J. et al.
Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment: 2008, 35, p. 184–201.
Confirmation that brief advice to risky drinkers identified in accident and emergency departments can cut drinking and reduce the chance of further injuries and readmissions; the issue now is why this happens sometimes but not always.

REVIEW 2008 HTM file
Critical issues in the treatment of hepatitis C virus infection in methadone maintenance patients

Novick D.M., Kreek M.J.
Addiction: 2008, 103(6), p. 905–918.
European and US studies show that methadone patients stick with therapy for hepatitis C disease and do as well as other patients, bolstering the case for drug services to encourage clients to consider diagnostic testing and therapy.

STUDY 2008 HTM file
Computer-assisted delivery of cognitive-behavioral therapy for addiction: a randomized trial of CBT4CBT

Carroll K.M., Ball S.A., Martino S.
American Journal of Psychiatry: 2008, 165, p. 881–888.
An interactive computer program may offer a way to overcome the shortage of trained cognitive-behavioural therapists; supplementing routine counselling by program access twice a week reduced substance use by a third.

REVIEW 2009 HTM file
A preliminary study of the population-adjusted effectiveness of substance abuse prevention programming: towards making IOM program types comparable

Shamblen S.R., Derzon J.H.
Journal of Primary Prevention: 2009, 30, p. 89–107.
One of the biggest strategic decisions facing prevention planners is whether to target high-risk groups or to prioritise universal programmes. This analysis won't decide the issue, but it does create an important new tool for comparing these strategies.

STUDY 2009 HTM file
A practical clinical trial of coordinated care management to treat substance use disorders among public assistance beneficiaries

Morgenstern J., Hogue A., Dauber S. et al.
Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology: 2009, 77(2), p. 257–269.
Further demonstration from a US research team that relatively intensive case management support does help welfare applicants overcome substance use problems, but in this case only those not already managed through substitute prescribing.

STUDY 2005 PDF file 118Kb
Therapist directiveness is an important influence on outcomes

Karno M.P.
in the Drug and Alcohol Findings magazine
One of the few 'matches' found by the huge US Project MATCH alcohol treatment trial was that motivational therapy bettered CBT for clients prone to anger. One of the clinics has shown why – because motivational therapists were less directive.

STUDY 2005 PDF file 102Kb
Communities that Care aims for science-based community action

Shiner M. Crow I.
in the Drug and Alcohol Findings magazine
When the Communities that Care prevention methodology was tried in Britain, the existing community development infrastructure determined whether local coalitions could implement its risk profiling tools and effectively generate action to address identified risks.

STUDY 2005 PDF file 104Kb
Phone reminders cut 'no shows' by nearly two-thirds

Booth P.G.
in the Drug and Alcohol Findings magazine
By introducing a phoned reminder, an alcohol treatment clinic in Liverpool cut by nearly two-thirds the number of patients who simply failed to turn up for assessment, avoiding wastage of staff time due to missed appointments.


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