Alcohol: the complete collection


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Alcohol: the complete collection

All Effectiveness Bank analyses to date of documents related to alcohol compiled for our supporter Alcohol Change UK, starting with the analyses most recently added or updated, totalling today 785 documents.

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STUDY 2008 HTM file
An intervention for treating alcohol dependence: relating elements of medical management to patient outcomes in primary care

Ernst D.B., Pettinati H.M., Donovan D.M. et al.
Annals of Family Medicine: 2008, 6(5), p. 435–440.
In a programme intended to simulate primary care management of alcohol dependence, what made the difference to patients was how far the clinician maintained confident optimism and responded to the patient rather than strictly adhering to the treatment manual.

REVIEW 2009 HTM file
Effects of beverage alcohol price and tax levels on drinking: a meta-analysis of 1003 estimates from 112 studies

Wagenaar A.C., Salois M.J., Komro K.A.
Addiction: 2009, 104, p. 179–190.
As the UK considers minimum price policies, from an analysis of 112 studies comes the most reliable indication yet that raising the price of alcohol strongly reduces alcohol consumption, including rates of heavy drinking.

REVIEW 2008 HTM file
Systematic review and meta-analyses of strategies targeting alcohol problems in emergency departments: interventions reduce alcohol-related injuries

Havard A., Shakeshaft A., Sanson-Fisher R.
Addiction: 2008, 103(3), p. 368–376.
Combining results from the few available evaluations of emergency department-based alcohol interventions suggests these substantially reduce alcohol-related injuries, but the estimate may not be applicable outside the USA or to all emergency patients.

STUDY 2009 HTM file
Dismantling motivational interviewing and feedback for college drinkers: a randomized clinical trial

Walters S.T., Vader A.M., Harris T.R.
Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology: 2009, 77(1), p. 64–73.
Brief interventions based on motivational interviewing typically incorporate feedback on the individual's risk and use level compared to the norm, but does this really help? A US college study found it did, the combination leading to greater drinking reductions than either on its own.

STUDY 2009 HTM file
Improving 24-month abstinence and employment outcomes for substance-dependent women receiving Temporary Assistance For Needy Families with intensive case management

Morgenstern J., Neighbors C.J., Kuerbis A. et al.
American Journal of Public Health: 2009, 99(2), p. 328–333.
Intensive, long-term case management coordinating treatment and other services helped US 'welfare mothers' overcome their drug problems and gain full time employment.

REVIEW 2009 HTM file
Curbing problem drinking with personalized-feedback interventions: a meta-analysis

Riper H., van Straten A., Keuken M. et al.
American Journal of Preventive Medicine: 2009, 36(3), p 247255.
Synthesis of randomised trials finds worthwhile reductions in drinking after college students and others are simply very briefly informed how their drinking compares to population norms.

REVIEW 2008 HTM file
Alcohol misuse: tackling the UK epidemic

British Medical Association Board of Science.
London: BMA, 2008.
Report from Britain's trade union and professional association for doctors reviewing the extent and consequences of problem drinking in the UK and making recommendations for government action and evidence-based policies.

REVIEW 2008 HTM file
Diagnosis and management of alcohol use disorders

Parker A.J.R., Marshall E.J., Ball D.M.
British Medical Journal: 2008, 336, p. 496–501.
Clinical guidance for UK health care professionals on managing alcohol problems based on a review of British and international official guidance and major systematic reviews and research syntheses.

STUDY 2008 HTM file
Evaluation of a telephone-based stepped care intervention for alcohol-related disorders: a randomized controlled trial

Bischof G., Grothues J.M., Reinhardt S. et al.
Drug and Alcohol Dependence: 2008, 93(3), p. 244–251
This German study saved valuable counselling time by only offering further advice to primary care patients who had not yet responded to brief computerised feedback on their risky drinking.

STUDY 2004 PDF file 153Kb
Naltrexone helps GPs and practice nurses manage alcohol dependence

in the Drug and Alcohol Findings magazine
Further indications that naltrexone can aid the treatment of dependent drinkers in primary care settings have come from a US trial which tested the efficacy of the drug allied with the kind of consultations normally undertaken by GPs and practice nurses.

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