All Effectiveness Bank analyses to date of documents related to alcohol compiled for our partner Alcohol Change UK, starting with the analyses most recently added or updated, totalling today 791 documents.
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STUDY 2004 PDF file 166Kb
Dual diagnosis add-on to mental health services improves outcomes
in the Drug and Alcohol Findings magazine
A unique British study has found that treatment-resistant schizophrenic patients benefit from additional integrated substance use/mental health therapy, which may also save costs by reducing the need for inpatient care.
NASTY SURPRISES 2004 PDF file 211Kb
Confident kids ... like to party
in the Drug and Alcohol Findings magazine
Research challenging the presumption that because it is 'bad', then youth substance use must also be caused by and cause other 'bad' things. The nasty surprise is that by fostering socially skilled youngsters keen on sports, we can also be fostering substance use.
Goldberg L., Elliot D.L., MacKinnon D.P. et al.
Journal of Adolescent Health: 2007, 41, p. 421–429.
First randomised follow-up study offers little support for randomly testing US school pupils for drug or alcohol use, adding to a slim evidence base which has so far found little benefit to justify the risks and the costs.
Woolfall K., Sumnall H., McVeigh J.
Centre for Public Health, Liverpool John Moores University, 2008.
Based in Middlesbrough and winners of the Drug Team of the Year award in 2008, Families First's intensive short-term support meant that children of problem drug users on the verge of being removed from the family were safely able to stay with their parents or other relatives.
Witbrodt J., Bond J., Kaskutas L.A. et al.
Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology: 2007, 75(6), p. 947–959.
By selecting clients at the very edge of ethically requiring referral to residential care, this US study confirms that unless there are pressing contraindications, intensive non-residential options deliver equivalent outcomes. Often of course, there ARE pressing contraindications.
META-ANALYSIS 2008 HTM file
Distinctions without a difference: direct comparisons of psychotherapies for alcohol use disorders
Imel Z.E., Wampold B.E.
Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: 2008, 22(4), p. 533–543.
After combining results from studies comparing talking therapies for alcohol problems, this ingenious analysis finds any structured approach grounded in an explicit model as good as any other. Researchers have, it's argued, been looking in the wrong direction for therapy's active ingredients.
REVIEW 2007 HTM file
Using correlational evidence to select youth for prevention programming
Journal of Primary Prevention: 2007, 28, p. 421–447.
Is it best to focus prevention efforts on youngsters most likely to use substances - or will that miss out many future users who could have benefited from these efforts? This well informed and clear analysis concludes that we just can't predict well enough to risk leaving some youngsters out.
Academic ED SBIRT Research Collaborative.
Annals of Emergency Medicine: 2007, 50(6), p. 699–710.
Just a few minutes with specially hired screening and intervention staff can make a difference to emergency patients' drinking, but in the real world the hospital's own staff will usually do this work. A US study tested this real-world scenario and still found (modest) drinking reductions.
Madras B.K., Compton W.M., Deepa A. et al.
Drug and Alcohol Dependence: 2008, in press.
This huge US study set out to test whether widespread screening and brief intervention for illegal drug use (not just heavy drinking) could be implemented in a variety of general medical settings and whether it was effective. Both tests seem to have been passed, but with some important caveats.
Wu J., Witkiewitz K.
Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs: 2008, 69(1), p. 21–29.
Reanalysis of the huge US Project MATCH alcohol treatment trial confirms that patients with pro-drinking social circles gained greater remission in drink problems when 'matched' to a therapy focused on generating a social circle (in the form of AA) with the opposite characteristics.
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