Alcohol: the complete collection

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Alcohol: the complete collection

All Effectiveness Bank analyses to date of documents related to alcohol compiled for our supporter Alcohol Change UK, starting with the analyses most recently added or updated, totalling today 772 documents.

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STUDY 2001 PDF file 99Kb
Naltrexone prevents return to heavy drinking

in the Drug and Alcohol Findings magazine
The British study which provided the largest test to date of naltrexone in the treatment of alcohol dependence. In conditions typical of NHS alcohol treatment centres, it confirmed that taken as directed, the drug reduces alcohol consumption.

STUDY 2001 PDF file 143Kb
In UK acamprosate fails to prevent relapse to drinking but European evidence remains positive

in the Drug and Alcohol Findings magazine
A large UK trial found that acamprosate failed to reduce relapse among detoxified alcoholics but more positive international evidence was confirmed in Italy. Differences in patients, regimes and measures might account for the difference.

STUDY 2001 PDF file 300Kb
Brief motivational therapy minimises health care costs except among more problematic drinkers

in the Drug and Alcohol Findings magazine
In the US Project MATCH alcohol treatment trial, relatively brief motivational interviewing resulted in lower health care costs overall but costs incurred by poor prognosis patients were reduced most by the two more intensive (CBT and 12-step) therapies.

STUDY 2001 PDF file 97Kb
General practices can be trained to help families cope with drinkers and drugtakers

in the Drug and Alcohol Findings magazine
A UK pilot study demonstrated the feasibility and effectiveness of a treatment package to relieve stress and improve coping among primary care patients affected by problem drug and alcohol use in the family, but few practices implemented the intervention.

STUDY 2001 PDF file 100Kb
Persistent and credible enforcement needed to prevent widespread alcohol sales to under-18s

in the Drug and Alcohol Findings magazine
The first scientific study in Britain of test purchases of alcohol by underage children implies that persistent, credible and well publicised enforcement will be needed; short-term 'crackdowns' risk being followed by an upsurge in illegal sales.

STUDY 2001 PDF file 97Kb
New Zealand study comes closest yet to establishing the degree to which drinking causes crime

in the Drug and Alcohol Findings magazine
After accounting for factors which might cause a spurious link between crime and drinking, on a scale from 0 to 11, a one point increase in alcohol abuse/dependence resulted in a 15% increase in violent crime and 10% in property crime.

STUDY 2001 PDF file 255Kb
Initial outcomes from Australian alcohol harm reduction curriculum for secondary schools

McBride N
in the Drug and Alcohol Findings magazine
Compared to controls, age-related increases in drinking among pupils who had already drunk alcohol (but only under adult supervision) were halved and the number of harms they experienced was a third as high.

STUDY 2000 PDF file 166Kb
Rare attempt to compare cost-effectiveness of different treatments for different clients

in the Drug and Alcohol Findings magazine
Studies of the cost-effectiveness of addiction treatment in Ohio suggest that per $, short intensive programmes deliver the best abstinence returns for severely addicted patients, less intensive outpatient programmes for patients using less frequently.

STUDY 2000 PDF file 154Kb
Assertive outreach for mentally ill problem substance users: follow the manual

in the Drug and Alcohol Findings magazine
Major US study finds that the impact of assertive outreach to engage and deliver services to people with serious mental health and substance use problems is crucially dependent on whether the key features of the approach are faithfully implemented.

REVIEW 2000 PDF file 140Kb
Attending AA: encourage but don't coerce

in the Drug and Alcohol Findings magazine
A synthesis of studies which tested Alcoholics Anonymous groups or AA-based residential programmes against formal/no treatment suggests outcomes are similar to other treatments when the drinker chooses these options. Coercion may be counterproductive.


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