All Effectiveness Bank analyses to date of documents related to alcohol compiled for our partner Alcohol Change UK, starting with the analyses most recently added or updated, totalling today 791 documents.
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REVIEW 2018 HTM file
Therapist empathy and client outcome: an updated meta-analysis
Elliott R., Bohart A.C., Watson J.C. et al.
Psychotherapy: 2018, 55(4), p. 399–410.
Review commissioned by the American Psychological Association finds that the more therapists empathically communicate their understanding of and compassion for clients, the better the outcomes. Recommendations will help counsellors, therapists, trainers and supervisors foster this important foundation for therapist–client relationships.
Crits-Christoph P., Ring-Kurtz S., Hamilton J.L. et al.
Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment: 2012, p. 301–309.
Evidence that an earlier study feeding back client progress to counsellors did not find improved outcomes because data was aggregated across a caseload rather than identifying individuals doing poorly and recommending remedial actions. After remedying these deficits, a new system significantly improved mental health and reduced substance use.
Eastwood B., Peacock A., Millar T. et al.
Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment: 2018, 88, p. 1–8.
On the important national indicator of completing treatment and not returning for treatment in the following six months, inpatient and residential treatments for alcohol use disorders in England appeared to be effective half the time. Longer duration of treatment and ongoing care were associated with a greater likelihood of successfully completing treatment.
Glynn T.R., van den Berg J.J.
Transgender Health: 2017, 2(1), p. 45–59.
Part review, part ‘call to action’, the featured paper highlights the lack of awareness of evidence-based interventions for transgender people, and advocates for ‘culturally-sensitive’ approaches embedded in both general and specialised substance use programmes.
HOT TOPIC 2018 HTM file
Measuring alcohol-related harm; politics and science
Ashton M., Davies N.
One of our selection of hot topics – important issues which sometimes generate heated debate. At a national level, alcohol-related harm and especially the net cost of harm versus benefits are slippery concepts. Malleability and policy salience combine to make the estimates contested territory.
Scottish Government, 2018
Taking a public health and human rights-based approach, the 2018 strategy from Scotland strives to improve citizens’ lives by preventing and reducing the harms of drinking and drug use.
Midford R., Cahill H., Lester L. et al.
Drugs: Education, Prevention and Policy: 2018, 25(1), p. 88–96.
Strong argument for harm reduction to be the basis of standard drug education within schools from this large-scale Australian trial. Alcohol-related findings 15 months after the two-year programme ended showed its residual effectiveness in reducing pupils’ alcohol consumption and related harm.
COLLECTION 2018 HTM file
The client–therapist relationship
‘Collections’ are customised Effectiveness Bank searches not available via the standard options in the search pages. At the heart of addiction treatment lies client–therapist relationships, across psychotherapy a stronger influence on how well clients do than the type of therapy.
REVIEW 2009 HTM file
Mindfulness meditation for substance use disorders: a systematic review
Zgierska A., Rabago D., Chawla N. et al.
Substance Abuse: 2009, 30(4), p. 266–294.
Increasingly popular, variants of mindfulness meditation are among the ‘third wave’ of behavioural therapies allying Western and Eastern traditions. This first review of their application to addiction delivered a ‘promising but unproven’ verdict, one replicated in a later review based on more studies.
REVIEW 2018 HTM file
Drug consumption rooms: an overview of provision and evidence
European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction
European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction, 2018
Refreshing its overview of the use of drug consumption rooms, the European Union’s drug misuse monitoring centre says the evidence still contradicts concerns that such facilities encourage drug use, delay treatment entry, or aggravate problems arising from local drug markets – finding instead that both the users and the community stand to benefit.
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