All Effectiveness Bank analyses to date of documents related to alcohol compiled for our partner Alcohol Change UK, starting with the analyses most recently added or updated, totalling today 793 documents.
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STUDY 2010 HTM file
Glutamate dehydrogenase as a marker of alcohol dependence
Kravos M., Malešič I.
Alcohol and Alcoholism: 2010, 45(1), p. 39–44.
Slovenian study identifies which chemicals in the blood best identify dependent drinkers in the sense of not missing those who are dependent, confirming when they have stopped drinking, and not falsely identifying non-dependent people as dependent.
Barbosa C., Godfrey C., Parrott S.
Alcohol and Alcoholism: 2010, 45(1), p. 53–63.
If alcohol treatment is to compete for scarce healthcare resources, studies must adopt the same yardsticks of success as are used for healthcare interventions contends this team of UK-based health economists; prime amongst these are quality of life measures.
STUDY 2010 HTM file
Planned and unplanned discharge from alcohol services in Scotland, 2004–2008
Newham R., Russell C., Davies J.B.
Alcohol and Alcoholism: 2010, 45(1), p. 64–69.
In the mid-2000s over 50% of terminated alcohol treatment episodes in Scotland ended with the client or patient dropping out. Considerable variation between regions suggests there is room for improvement and with it improvement in the cost effectiveness of services.
Bewick B.M., West R., Gill J. et al.
Journal of Medical Internet Research: 2010, 12(5), e59.
The perennial problem of excessive student drinking may have a modern-day remedy in the form of web-based programs comparing the site visitor with other students. This UK trial is not altogether convincing, but the US evidence is on balance positive.
Conrod P.J., Castellanos-Ryan N., Mackie C.J.
Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology: 2011, 79(3), p. 296–306.
Addressing the substance use promoting tendencies of the personality traits of London secondary school pupils at particular risk of substance misuse led to less intensive drinking six months later, and there was some support for the psychological mechanisms thought to underpin the intervention.
Koutakis N., Stattin H., Kerr M.
Addiction: 2008, 103, p. 1629–1637.
In Sweden routine parent-school meetings incorporating parenting advice and encouraging commitment to take a strong stand against underage drinking had a remarkable impact on adolescent drunkenness – but would this simple, low-cost tactic work as well in the UK?
Bodin M.C., Strandberg A.K.
Addiction: 2011, in press.
When its developers tested it, in Sweden routine parent-school meetings including presentations encouraging parents to take a strong stand against underage drinking had a remarkable impact on adolescent drunkenness; why then did this Swedish trial by other researchers fail to replicate the original findings?
McCambridge J., Hunt C., Jenkins R.J. et al.
Drug and Alcohol Dependence: 2011, 114, p. 177–184.
Compared to basic drug education, it should at least have moderated current use, but this attempt to deploy motivational interviewing as an across-the-board prevention strategy among college students in London neither did that, nor did it prevent non-users starting to use, negative findings which raise interesting questions.
Rubio G., Jiménez-Arriero M.A., Martínez I. et al.
American Journal of Medicine: 2010, 123, p. 72–78.
In Madrid, unusually a primary care brief alcohol intervention targeted heavy episodic or 'binge' drinking. The result was drinking reductions which probably saved lives due to less drunkenness and less drinking overall – and both screening and intervention were done by the doctors themselves, not specialist staff.
REVIEW 2010 HTM file
Computer-delivered interventions for alcohol and tobacco use: a meta-analysis
Rooke S., Thorsteinsson E., Karpin A. et al.
Addiction: 2010, 105, p. 1381–1390.
Computer-based and in particular internet-based therapies open doors to treatment for drinkers who cannot get or do not want face-to-face-help. This review finds they do curb drinking, but its sub-finding that they are as effective as alternative therapies should not be taken to mean computers can replace therapists.
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