All Effectiveness Bank analyses to date of documents related to alcohol compiled for our partner Alcohol Change UK, starting with the analyses most recently added or updated, totalling today 793 documents.
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Schölin L., Fitzgerald N.
Pregnancy and Childbirth: 2019, 19(316), p. 1–11.
A study spotlights antenatal care in Scotland – one of three priority settings in a national programme to deliver screening and brief interventions. Implementation leaders discussed midwives’ roles in facilitating disclosures about drinking in pregnancy, and what happens when their professional opinions deviate from guidance.
STUDY 2019 HTM file
Impact of the introduction and withdrawal of financial incentives on the delivery of alcohol screening and brief advice in English primary health care: an interrupted time-series analysis
O’Donnell A., Angus C., Hanratty B. et al.
Addiction: 2019, early view online.
The clearest impact of financial incentives to screen primary care patients in England was the plummeting screening rate after the incentives were withdrawn. If these results are applicable to England as a whole, over the following 21 months withdrawing the payments resulted in 603,719 fewer patients being screened for risky drinking and 27,439 fewer receiving brief advice.
MATRIX CELL 2019 HTM file
Alcohol Treatment Matrix cell B1: Practitioners; Screening and brief intervention
Key studies on the impact of the practitioner in brief interventions. Highlights Swiss studies which dissected how these work and helps develop evidence-informed understanding of four issues: Why does the practitioner matter? Are some naturally effective? Does getting it wrong matter more than getting it right? What do we know about non-motivational interventions? See the rest of row 1 of the matrix for more on screening and brief interventions.
MATRIX CELL 2019 HTM file
Alcohol Treatment Matrix cell A1: Interventions; Screening and brief intervention
Seminal and key research on the effectiveness of screening for risky drinking followed by brief interventions for people screening positive. Discusses the implications of the major UK trials intended to inform government policy, questions how ‘real world’ trials have been, and how strong the evidence is for the UK. See the rest of row 1 of the matrix for more on screening and brief interventions.
O’Donnell A., Anderson P., Jané-Llopis E. et al.
BMJ: 2019, 366.
Did minimum unit pricing have an immediate impact in Scotland, and did any evidence emerge to support fears that the policy would unfairly target moderate drinkers, particularly in lower income groups?
DOCUMENT 2019 HTM file
Prison Drugs Strategy
HM Prison and Probation Service.
HM Prison and Probation Service, 2019
National agency responsible for prison and probation services in England and Wales announces three-point plan for tackling the presence of drugs and drug use problems, based on the principles of restricting supply, reducing demand, and building recovery.
Public Health England.
Public Health England, 2017
People with co-occurring mental health and substance use problems are often unable to access the care they need. This 2017 guide from Public Health England describes what better care would look like, underpinned by the principles that there is ‘no wrong door’ for accessing support, and it is ‘everyone’s job’ the other side of the door to help.
de Andrade D., Elphinston R.A., Quinn C. et al.
Drug and Alcohol Dependence: 2019, 201, p. 227–235.
Has enough high-quality evidence accumulated over the past five years to improve confidence in the effectiveness of residential treatment?
STUDY 2019 HTM file
“We have to put the fire out first before we start rebuilding the house”: practitioners’ experiences of supporting women with histories of substance use, interpersonal abuse and symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder
Bailey K., Trevillion K., Gilchrist G.
Addiction Research and Theory: 2019, p. 1–9.
Within treatment systems that have tended to underestimate or overlook the importance of ‘trauma-informed’ practice, this study explores how practitioners in England respond to the needs of women with substance use problems, histories of abuse, and symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder.
STUDY 2016 HTM file
Improving the delivery of brief interventions for heavy drinking in primary health care: outcome results of the Optimizing Delivery of Health Care Intervention (ODHIN) five-country cluster randomized factorial trial
Anderson P., Bendtsen P., Spak F. et al.
Addiction: 2016, 111(11), p. 1935–1945.
The EU-funded ODHIN trial tested eight strategies to promote screening and brief interventions for risky drinking in primary health care units in five European countries. Results suggested that financial incentives were key but were reinforced by training and support.
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