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You have found 212 entries after clicking on a search link (usually the MORE information link) in a matrix cell. Sorted by the main topic addressed, the list shows in orange the type of entry, year the original document was published (or if one of our own documents, the year last updated), and the type of file you will download when you click on the title. In blue is the document’s title followed by a brief description.

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STUDY 2000 PDF file 148Kb
English residential rehabilitation services doing well but could do better

A report from the UK National Treatment Outcome Research Study (NTORS) spotlights the achievements of residential services for drug users but more could be done to improve retention and it is unclear how much the treatment had to do with the outcomes.

STUDY 2009 HTM file
Methadone patients in the therapeutic community: a test of equivalency

Are therapeutic communities incompatible with methadone maintenance? Not when staff have been prepared to accept and work with methadone patients and programmes adapted to accommodate them. Then patients stay as long and sustain abstinence from illegal drug use just as well as other residents.

REVIEW 2019 HTM file
The effectiveness of residential treatment services for individuals with substance use disorders: a systematic review

Has enough high-quality evidence accumulated over the past five years to improve confidence in the effectiveness of residential treatment?

STUDY 1999 PDF file 228Kb
Shared care encourages GPs to treat addiction

In London access to good quality primary care opiate addiction treatment was expanded by a mixture of support from a local specialist GP, training, peer support, financial reimbursements, and shared care guidelines and protocols.

REVIEW 2012 HTM file
Behavioral counseling after screening for alcohol misuse in primary care: a systematic review and meta-analysis for the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

Amalgamated findings from studies of risky drinkers identified and counselled in primary care settings indicate that compared to screening and assessment only, brief counselling lead to greater reductions in drinking, gains reflected less strongly in some indicators of health. However, it is unclear whether the generally small impacts would be sustained in routine practice.

STUDY 2014 HTM file
Methadone induction in primary care for opioid dependence: a pragmatic randomized trial (ANRS Methaville)

From France the first study to randomly allocate patients to start methadone maintenance either in primary care or at a specialist centre found primary care more attractive to patients, and no less effective at reducing street-opioid use and promoting engagement and retention.

STUDY 2010 HTM file
Effect of motivational interviewing on reduction of alcohol use

At Californian methadone clinics, group education sessions led by a nurse and focused on the risks of aggravating hepatitis infection led to the same substantial reductions in drinking as one-to-one or group motivational interviewing conducted by highly trained counsellors, offering a cost-effective means to reduce alcohol-related risks.

STUDY 2015 HTM file
Randomized controlled trial of motivational interviewing for reducing injection risk behaviours among people who inject drugs

Injectors at risk of infection due to sharing equipment responded best to brief risk-reduction counselling based on motivational rather than educational principles, offering a way to augment the benefits of harm reduction services.

DOCUMENT 2007 HTM file
Drug misuse in over 16s: psychosocial interventions

After examining the evidence for psychosocial therapies for problem drug use, the UK’s official health advisers recommend behavioural couples therapy and contingency management, argue against cognitive-behavioural therapies, and pose residential rehabilitation as a last resort – in some respects surprising and controversial recommendations.

MATRIX CELL 2017 HTM file
Drug Treatment Matrix cell B1: Practitioners; Reducing harm

Seminal and key studies on the impact of the practitioner on harm reduction. Trust emerges as a fundamental ingredient to harm reduction work with users of illegal drugs. Reconceptualise needle exchanges as safe havens in a largely rejecting world, and explore why a Philadelphia methadone counsellor stood out – for the wrong reasons.


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