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You have found 212 entries after clicking on a search link (usually the MORE information link) in a matrix cell. Sorted by the main topic addressed, the list shows in orange the type of entry, year the original document was published (or if one of our own documents, the year last updated), and the type of file you will download when you click on the title. In blue is the document’s title followed by a brief description.

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OFFCUT 2005 PDF file 151Kb
Hepatitis C is spreading more rapidly than was thought

From the early 2000s in Britain there was clear evidence from research and routine monitoring that drug policy was failing to contain hepatitis C infection among injectors, and worrying signs of a trend upwards in HIV infection.

STUDY 2005 PDF file 115Kb
Simple interventions cut hepatitis C risk

In Australia a detailed assessment of an injector's risk of becoming infected with hepatitis C was followed by substantial risk reductions not improved on by individualised advice.

STUDY 2008 HTM file
Economic evaluation of delivering hepatitis B vaccine to injection drug users

US figures show that testing needle exchange users for hepatitis B and at the same time starting a short course of vaccinations (the UK model) saves lives and thousands of health service dollars, but UK exchanges have lagged behind in offering these services.

REVIEW 2011 HTM file
A systematic review and meta-analysis of interventions to prevent hepatitis C virus infection in people who inject drugs

Despite the challenges, review confirms that hepatitis C infection can be prevented among injectors, but it takes multi-component strategies with elements such as substitute prescribing to reduce or eliminate drug injection, treatment of infection, and enabling safe injection practices by providing sterile injecting equipment and behaviour-change counselling.

REVIEW 2010 HTM file
The provision of non-needle/syringe drug injecting paraphernalia in the primary prevention of HCV among IDU: a systematic review

Authors who worked on Scotland's hepatitis C plan conclude that limitations in the research mean the best that can be said is that attending needle exchanges which provide injecting paraphernalia may be associated with reduced sharing of this equipment.

STUDY 2011 HTM file
Hepatitis C infection among recent initiates to injecting in England 2000–2008: Is a national hepatitis C action plan making a difference?

Trends in hepatitis C infection among recent initiates to drug injecting in England between 2004 (when a national action plan was launched) and 2008 indicate the importance of reinvigorating and improving the coverage of harm reduction measures such as needle exchange and substitute prescribing.

STUDY 2012 HTM file
Can needle and syringe programmes and opiate substitution therapy achieve substantial reductions in hepatitis C virus prevalence?

Among the messages of this simulation model for the UK and other countries is the resilience of hepatitis C in the face of considerable investment in methadone and needle exchange services, that these have nevertheless helped and need to be maintained and if possible expanded, but also that further measures are required to substantially curtail the virus.

STUDY 2011 HTM file
The impact of needle and syringe provision and opiate substitution therapy on the incidence of hepatitis C virus in injecting drug users: pooling of UK evidence

Together studies recently conducted across the UK suggest that consistent participation in methadone maintenance treatment plus adequate access to fresh injecting equipment has prevented many hepatitis C infections, supporting calls for needle exchange to be expanded and methadone treatment sustained.

REVIEW 2012 HTM file
Behavioural interventions for preventing hepatitis C infection in people who inject drugs: a global systematic review

A review reporting on the results of six trials from the UK, USA and Australia finds that – at least on their own – interventions such as counselling and peer-educator training have not prevented injecting drug users becoming infected with hepatitis C.

STUDY 2014 HTM file
Rapid decline in HCV incidence among people who inject drugs associated with national scale-up in coverage of a combination of harm reduction interventions

A combination of needle exchange, methadone maintenance and a shift away from injecting meant that between 2008 and 2012, 1000 fewer Scottish injectors had to face chronic infection with the potentially deadly hepatitis C virus.


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