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You have found 15 entries after clicking the GO button or a search link in a hot topic. Sorted by the main topic addressed, the list shows in orange the type of entry, year the original document was published (or if one of our own documents, the year last updated), and the type of file you will download when you click on the title. In blue is the document’s title followed by a brief description.

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STUDY 2001 PDF file 1065Kb
First test for the DTTO

Drug treatment and testing orders imposed by UK courts led the drive to cut drug-related crime, but a close inspection of the pilot study reveals that their own key indicator – test results – failed to demonstrate the orders' effectiveness.

STUDY 2005 PDF file 140Kb
Flexible DTTOs do most to cut crime

More flexible supervision requirements and more methadone treatment may account for why treatment-based court orders are completed far more often in Scotland than in England, improving recidivism rates.

STUDY 2009 HTM file
Review of the Glasgow & Fife drug courts

For Britain, US-inspired drug courts seemed a way to meld justice with treatment in to a more powerful anti-crime force than looser liaisons. But this Scottish study found no detectable anti-crime benefit; instead the main impact seems to have been to substantially raise costs.

STUDY 2013 HTM file
Criminal justice responses to drug related crime in Scotland

In one expert package, the recent history, results, achievements and possible drawbacks of Scotland's concerted attempt to engage drug-driven offenders in treatment at nearly every stage of the criminal justice system. Widening treatment access may have been the main plus, also widening entanglement in the criminal justice system the main minus.

STUDY 2009 HTM file
Managing drug involved probationers with swift and certain sanctions: evaluating Hawaii's HOPE

Intensive testing allied with swift and certain but not severe sanctions for non-compliance dramatically curbed drug use, prison time and re-arrest rates among a high risk group of drug using US offenders; most did not need treatment to help them comply with the court orders.

STUDY 2016 HTM file
Alcohol abstinence monitoring requirement: A process review of the proof of concept pilot

London pilot of enforced sobriety offers useful insights to inform expansion of the Alcohol Abstinence Monitoring Requirement scheme.

HOT TOPIC 2016 HTM file
Don’t treat, just test and sanction

One of our hot topics offering background and analysis on important issues which sometimes generate heated debate. Gaining influential support is the proposition that for problem substance users over whom leverage can be exerted, we can largely do away with treatment and just test for substance use and punish infringements. Is this really the way forward?

STUDY 2019 HTM file
Alcohol Abstinence Monitoring Requirement: A review of process and performance from Year 2

What difference could ‘court-ordered sobriety’ make to people committing alcohol-related offences? Two-year study in London boroughs gives a sense of what to expect before a national rollout of the programme in 2020.

STUDY 2010 HTM file
Is 24/7 Sobriety a good goal for repeat driving under the influence (DUI) offenders?

South Dakota appears to have achieved impressive results not by treating repeat drink-driving offenders but by requiring abstinence and enforcing this via frequent testing and the threat of immediate brief imprisonment; perhaps intensive intervention can be reserved for the few who do not comply.

REVIEW 2011 HTM file
A new paradigm for long-term recovery

On the basis of three innovative US programmes for offenders or doctors with substance use problems, this analysis concludes that many seriously dependent individuals stop using if non-use is enforced through intensive monitoring and swift, certain but not necessarily severe consequences.


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