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You have found 113 entries after clicking the GO button or a search link in a hot topic. Sorted by the main topic addressed, the list shows in orange the type of entry, year the original document was published (or if one of our own documents, the year last updated), and the type of file you will download when you click on the title. In blue is the document’s title followed by a brief description.

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STUDY 2010 HTM file
Does meeting the HEDIS substance abuse treatment engagement criterion predict patient outcomes?

This first major multi-modality test of a treatment engagement indicator widely used as a quality control yardstick in the USA found it was only very weakly related to patient improvement seven months after starting treatment, confirmation that simple measures of what happens during treatment struggle to capture what really makes treatment effective.

REVIEW 2008 HTM file
Identifying cost-effective interventions to reduce the burden of harm associated with alcohol misuse in Australia

Comprehensive calculations from Australia offer clues to what in countries like the UK would make the biggest dent in alcohol-related harm at the lowest cost; top of the list were alcohol tax rises, advertising bans, licensing controls, and random breath testing.

DOCUMENT 2010 HTM file
Alcohol in our lives: curbing the harm

Extensive policy report from New Zealand accepts evidence that alcohol-related harm is best reduced by population level measures, including raising prices, licensing reform with harm reduction as its prime objective, and restricting the availability of alcohol through reduced opening hours, age limits and curbs on promotion.

STUDY 2007 HTM file
Outcomes of a prospective trial of student-athlete drug testing: the Student Athlete Testing Using Random Notification (SATURN) Study

First randomised follow-up study offers little support for randomly testing US school pupils for drug or alcohol use, adding to a slim evidence base which has so far found little benefit to justify the risks and the costs.

STUDY 2011 HTM file
Effects of the Positive Action programme on problem behaviours in elementary school students: a matched-pair randomised control trial in Chicago

In Hawaii and then the less promising schools of Chicago, a primary school programme aiming to improving school climate and pupil character development had substantial and, in Chicago, lasting preventive impacts – another illustration that focusing on drugs is not always the best way to prevent drug problems.

REVIEW 2011 HTM file
The Good Behavior Game and the future of prevention and treatment

From the researchers involved in the trials, a practitioner-friendly account of research on the classroom management technique implemented in the first years of schooling which has led to remarkably strong and persistent impacts on substance use and other problems in later life.

STUDY 2008 HTM file
Effects of a universal classroom behavior management program in first and second grades on young adult behavioral, psychiatric, and social outcomes

In their first years at school, Baltimore pupils formed teams which could earn prizes and praise for good behaviour; 14 years later many fewer young lives were marred by substance-related problems, threatened by smoking, or on track to cause serious social problems.

REVIEW 2011 HTM file
Early intervention: the next steps. An independent report to Her Majesty's Government

National UK policy recommendations for pre-school initiatives to forestall later problems including those related to substance use, based partly on a review of the most promising programmes.

REVIEW 2009 HTM file
Effectiveness of limiting alcohol outlet density as a means of reducing excessive alcohol consumption and alcohol-related harms

The review which led a national US task force to recommend limiting the concentration of retail alcohol outlets as an important public health measure to curb excessive alcohol use and related harms. In much of the UK though, licensing law severely limits the scope for action.

REVIEW 2011 HTM file
The likely impacts of increasing alcohol price: a summary review of the evidence base

UK Home Office draws conclusions from recent government-commissioned reviews and research on the likely impact of a rise in the price of alcohol in Britain. Direct evidence is thin, but suggests "on balance" that policies designed to increase price may reduce harms caused by alcohol.


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