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REVIEW 2008 HTM file
Drug testing in schools evidence, impacts and alternatives
Australian review supports UK guidance indicating that testing school pupils for illegal drugs is a risky procedure of unproven effectiveness and questionable ethics which may backfire by alienating pupils.
Comprehensive calculations from Australia offer clues to what in countries like the UK would make the biggest dent in alcohol-related harm at the lowest cost; top of the list were alcohol tax rises, advertising bans, licensing controls, and random breath testing.
In their first years at school, Baltimore pupils formed teams which could earn prizes and praise for good behaviour; 14 years later many fewer young lives were marred by substance-related problems, threatened by smoking, or on track to cause serious social problems.
STUDY 2008 HTM file
Independent review of the effects of alcohol pricing and promotion
Commissioned by the English health department, the first study to model the impacts of alcohol policies by integrating data on pricing, promotion, purchasing, consumption and harm found that raising price or banning promotions can bring major benefits. The findings helped persuade government to introduce a minimum per unit price for alcohol.
First randomised follow-up study offers little support for randomly testing US school pupils for drug or alcohol use, adding to a slim evidence base which has so far found little benefit to justify the risks and the costs.
REVIEW 2007 HTM file
Drug law enforcement: a review of the evaluation literature
Rare review of enforcement tactics concludes that proactive interventions involving partnerships between the police and third parties and/or community entities have the greatest research backing, but also that the evidence base is poor and sparse.
STUDY 2007 HTM file
Analysis of South Dakota 24-7 Sobriety program data
Analysis of data routinely collected by South Dakota's 24/7 Sobriety project reveals that offenders test alcohol-free at 99% of the scheduled twice-daily tests intended to enforce abstinence via the threat of a bail violation leading to immediate brief imprisonment.
REVIEW 2006 PDF file 1464Kb
Motivational arm twisting: contradiction in terms?
Part 4 of the Manners Matter series asks whether motivational interviewing can overcome the hostile prison environment and the distrust of youngsters, drink drivers and other offenders pressured into counselling by the criminal justice system.
STUDY 2006 PDF file 159Kb
No major 'honeypot' effect after injecting centre opens
Australia's only safer injecting centre did not (as feared before its opening) attract large numbers of drug users and dealers to the neighbourhood or aggravate associated local crime and nuisance.
STUDY 2006 PDF file 116Kb
Initiating methadone prescribing in prison promotes its continuation on release
From Baltimore a study which shows that offering substitution treatment in prison to offenders whose offending was driven by opiate dependence means they are much more likely to continue treatment on release, helping to cut crime.
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