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You have found 175 entries. Starting with analyses of the most recently published documents, the list shows in orange the type of entry, year the original document was published (or if one of our own documents, the year last updated), and the type of file you will download when you click on the title. In blue is the document’s title followed by a brief description.

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REVIEW 2011 HTM file
Early intervention: the next steps. An independent report to Her Majesty's Government

National UK policy recommendations for pre-school initiatives to forestall later problems including those related to substance use, based partly on a review of the most promising programmes.

REVIEW 2011 HTM file
A new paradigm for long-term recovery

On the basis of three innovative US programmes for offenders or doctors with substance use problems, this analysis concludes that many seriously dependent individuals stop using if non-use is enforced through intensive monitoring and swift, certain but not necessarily severe consequences.

REVIEW 2011 HTM file
Effect of drug law enforcement on drug-related violence: a systematic review

The update of the first systematic review of the impact of enforcement on violence cautions that heightened drug enforcement which fails to curtail the illicit market can generate drug-related violence, raising the overall level of violence in societies where markets are widespread and endemic.

REVIEW 2011 HTM file
Interventions for disorder and severe intoxication in and around licensed premises, 1989–2009

Surprisingly, the big problem of disorder and violence associated with bars, clubs and pubs has not attracted a correspondingly large evidence base on how to prevent it. This review concludes that training bar staff to identify and respond to warning signs has some potential.

STUDY 2011 HTM file
Prison health needs assessment for alcohol problems

What does the Scottish Prison Service need to do to adequately address alcohol problems among inmates? This needs assessment funded by the Scottish Government assesses the size of the problem, identifies the gaps, and recommends ways to plug them based on a review of relevant research.

STUDY 2011 HTM file
Scoping study of interventions for offenders with alcohol problems in community justice settings

Investigates what outside prison is being done in Scotland to meet the needs of problem drinking offenders by criminal justice and other services, and assesses whether local arrangements measure up to the size and nature of the task. Non-evidence based funding and the need to develop integrated care pathways emerged as key issues.

REVIEW 2011 HTM file
Oral naltrexone maintenance treatment for opioid dependence

Authoritative synthesis of research confirms that the general run of opiate-addicted patients do almost as well given no active medication as when prescribed the opiate-blocking drug naltrexone, though it does have limited role among highly motivated and/or monitored patients with much to lose from relapsing.

STUDY 2011 HTM file
Using a cross-study design to assess the efficacy of motivational enhancement therapy-cognitive behavioral therapy 5 (MET/CBT5) in treating adolescents with cannabis-related disorders

It worked as well as somewhat longer and more elaborate experimental therapies, but how would a basic US programme for cannabis using youngsters fare when compared to much more extensive real-world therapies? On average at least as well if not better was the answer.

STUDY 2011 HTM file
An evaluation of the implementation of the objectives of the Licensing (Scotland) Act 2005; first interim report summary

Scotland's 2005 licensing reforms were of nationwide interest because they placed it in the vanguard across the UK, notably in adding public health to licensing objectives. While staff say other elements are working well, disappointingly this key measure has so far had little impact.

STUDY 2011 HTM file
Do drug policies affect cannabis markets? A natural experiment in Switzerland, 2000–10

Studies of a 'natural experiment' in Switzerland in the 2000s suggested that the effective re-criminalisation of cannabis production and distribution did diminish availability and use of the drug. The results contradict other findings suggesting that national policies have little effect on cannabis use.


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