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STUDY 2006 PDF file 171Kb
Matching resources to needs is key to achieving 'wrap-around' care objectives
Linking treatment intake assessments to a computerised guide to local welfare and medical services transformed the assessments from redundant paperwork into a practical route to the reintegration services being advocated in Britain – and treatment completion rates doubled.
Further demonstration from a US research team that relatively intensive case management support does help welfare applicants overcome substance use problems, but in this case only those not already managed through substitute prescribing.
In New York intensive case management coordinating multiple sources of support helped resolve the substance use problems of welfare applicants, but only among the women – who faced the greatest barriers to working – did this promote employment. Perhaps men would have done better being helped to rapidly enter the job market.
REVIEW 2004 PDF file 967Kb
Take the network into treatment
Distinguished US authors summarise the evidence for a new direction in the treatment of substance abuse problems - harnessing friends, lovers, sons, daughters and workmates to reconstruct the incentives in a client's life.
Family interventions were at the heart of the UK government’s ambition to ‘turn round’ the lives of 120,000 troubled families in England. In respect of drink and drug problems, substantial remission was seen, but the featured study could not show whether this was due to the interventions, and a report on a successor programme found no significant impacts.
STUDY 2009 HTM file
The Drug Treatment Outcomes Research Study (DTORS): final outcomes report
Over 10 years since the last attempt, in 2006 a national study assessed the progress of patients starting drug treatment in England. A year later drug use and crime were down and social costs saved, but wider life improvements were minor compared to treatment costs.
English treatment systems perform at least as well as other countries on a number of measures, but have a considerably higher rate of drug-related deaths than elsewhere in Europe. As well as pursuing harm reduction and recovery, this report stresses the importance of social integration as an objective.
The title speaks of long-term effects but in fact there were none from sending young US substance users to a youth therapeutic community specialising in substance use problems compared to non-specialist group homes; early gains had all eroded, an instance of the general difficulty of sustaining youth treatment outcomes.
STUDY 2004 PDF file 156Kb
Prison treatment in Scotland fails to impress
The first published findings from the national Scottish drug treatment evaluation highlighted the relative inadequacy and ineffectiveness of treatment inside as opposed to outside prison.
STUDY 2006 PDF file 111Kb
Lessons of failure of Scottish scheme to link released prisoners to services
From 2001 an innovative Scottish scheme aimed to seamlessly link problem drug users released from prison to the services they needed to stay out of trouble; its failure shows how intensive and systematic such attempts must be to overcome logistical barriers and motivate the offender.
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