Hot topic search results

Effectiveness bank home page. Opens new window Hot topic search results

You have found 54 entries after clicking the GO button or a search link in a hot topic. Starting with analyses of the most recently published documents, the list shows in orange the type of entry, year the original document was published (or if one of our own documents, the year last updated), and the type of file you will download when you click on the title. In blue is the document’s title followed by a brief description.

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STUDY 2019 HTM file
Efficacy and cost-effectiveness of an adjunctive personalised psychosocial intervention in treatment-resistant maintenance opioid agonist therapy: a pragmatic, open-label, randomised controlled trial

Instead of a set programme, a clinic in London tried offering methadone or buprenorphine patients still using heroin or cocaine a selection from a suite of well-supported psychological interventions tailored to the patient and then systematically re-tailored in the light of how they responded. It worked – but did it work well enough, and would the findings be replicated in more typical circumstances?

REVIEW 2019 HTM file
The effectiveness of residential treatment services for individuals with substance use disorders: a systematic review

Has enough high-quality evidence accumulated over the past five years to improve confidence in the effectiveness of residential treatment?

REVIEW 2017 HTM file
An evidence review of the outcomes that can be expected of drug misuse treatment in England

English treatment systems perform at least as well as other countries on a number of measures, but have a considerably higher rate of drug-related deaths than elsewhere in Europe. As well as pursuing harm reduction and recovery, this report stresses the importance of social integration as an objective.

DOCUMENT 2017 HTM file
2017 Drug Strategy

Continuing in the vein of its precursor, the UK Government’s new drug strategy pledges to tackle drug use and dependence through reducing demand, restricting supply, and building recovery, and adds to this a further ambition to drive global action.

HOT TOPIC 2017 HTM file
Promoting recovery through employment

One of our hot topics offering background and analysis on important issues which sometimes generate heated debate. Employment is seen as the key to lasting recovery, but how realistic is it for people whose lifestyles have revolved around using and obtaining drugs?

DOCUMENT 2016 HTM file
Coexisting severe mental illness and substance misuse: community health and social care services

NICE guidance on health and social care for substance users with severe mental illness says that rather than creating specialist ‘dual diagnosis’ services, health and social care (including substance misuse) services should adapt to this caseload, and their care should be led by the mental health service.

STUDY 2015 HTM file
Understanding the costs and savings to public services of different treatment pathways for clients dependent on opiates

Though set up to determine whether the public purse would gain by sending more opiate-dependent clients to residential rehabilitation, this UK government report declared itself unable to conclude one way or the other, but did judge it “highly unlikely” that these treatments’ extra expense would be offset by extra savings.

STUDY 2015 HTM file
Portraying mental illness and drug addiction as treatable health conditions: Effects of a randomized experiment on stigma and discrimination

More media stories of addiction being successfully treated would reduce stigma and ease social reintegration and recovery, suggests this innovative study. Reading just one such story made a national US sample more willing to work with former dependent users of illicit heroin or prescription painkillers and accept them into their families.

STUDY 2015 HTM file
Extended-release naltrexone for alcohol and opioid problems in Missouri parolees and probationers

Long-acting injectable naltrexone blocks the effects of opiates for about a month and has also helped dependent drinkers cut back. Treatment records in the US state of Missouri showed that among the few problem substance using offenders allocated to or who chose this treatment, a much higher proportion became abstinent than those offered other kinds of addiction treatment.

REVIEW 2012 HTM file
Lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) for alcoholism: meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

Could a single LSD trip precipitate such a radical re-evaluation of their lives that it proves a turning point for dependent drinkers? According to this synthesis of the research, across six randomised trials it can and it has, and the results rival approved medications. Nevertheless, LSD seems unlikely to be welcomed in to the alcohol treatment pharmacopeia.


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