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On several measures, the few drug dependent patients who accessed aftercare after treatment in Scotland in the early 2000s did better than the majority who chose to or were left to fend on their own – but could this be attributed to the aftercare, or would they have done well anyway?
STUDY 2011 HTM file
Prison health needs assessment for alcohol problems
What does the Scottish Prison Service need to do to adequately address alcohol problems among inmates? This needs assessment funded by the Scottish Government assesses the size of the problem, identifies the gaps, and recommends ways to plug them based on a review of relevant research.
Investigates what outside prison is being done in Scotland to meet the needs of problem drinking offenders by criminal justice and other services, and assesses whether local arrangements measure up to the size and nature of the task. Non-evidence based funding and the need to develop integrated care pathways emerged as key issues.
DOCUMENT 2010 HTM file
Drug misuse statistics Scotland 2010
Statistical picture of drug misuse in Scotland in 2009 and 2010 including treatment and criminal justice caseloads and health impacts, plus trends over recent years.
STUDY 2010 HTM file
The National Drug Related Deaths Database (Scotland) report 2009
New database offering in-depth information on drug deaths in Scotland reveals that 60% of cases had been in contact with drug treatment services, nearly 40% in the past six months, suggesting that there had been chances to intervene which for these patients had been insufficient to avoid death.
STUDY 2006 PDF file 111Kb
Lessons of failure of Scottish scheme to link released prisoners to services
From 2001 an innovative Scottish scheme aimed to seamlessly link problem drug users released from prison to the services they needed to stay out of trouble; its failure shows how intensive and systematic such attempts must be to overcome logistical barriers and motivate the offender.
STUDY 2009 HTM file
Review of the Glasgow & Fife drug courts
For Britain, US-inspired drug courts seemed a way to meld justice with treatment in to a more powerful anti-crime force than looser liaisons. But this Scottish study found no detectable anti-crime benefit; instead the main impact seems to have been to substantially raise costs.
STUDY 2005 PDF file 140Kb
Flexible DTTOs do most to cut crime
More flexible supervision requirements and more methadone treatment may account for why treatment-based court orders are completed far more often in Scotland than in England, improving recidivism rates.
STUDY 2004 PDF file 156Kb
Prison treatment in Scotland fails to impress
The first published findings from the national Scottish drug treatment evaluation highlighted the relative inadequacy and ineffectiveness of treatment inside as opposed to outside prison.
STUDY 2003 PDF file 268Kb
DTTOs: the Scottish way cuts the failure rate
Though rare in Scotland, failure is the norm for drug treatment and testing orders (court-ordered treatment as an alternative to normal sentencing) in England and Wales, leading to high reconviction rates. Two studies help account for the difference.
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