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REVIEW 1999 HTM file
Barriers to implementing effective correctional drug treatment programs
Expertly describes and evaluates the difficulties of mounting drug treatment programmes in prisons, drawing on the pooled knowledge and experience of leading US researchers on why real-world programmes sometimes fail to live up to expectations based on more ideal-world trials. Though focused on prison, much is relevant also to community sentences.
REVIEW 2014 HTM file
Interventions to reduce substance misuse among vulnerable young people
In this evidence update, the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence assess new evidence relevant to its earlier public health guidance on interventions to reduce substance misuse among vulnerable young people.
STUDY 2008 HTM file
Final report on the evaluation of ‘Option 2’
This evaluation of an intensive child protection service for children with substance misusing parents was the first in Britain to recruit an adequate comparison sample, a vital step in assessing effectiveness. Main finding was reduced need for long-term removal from the home.
Practitioner-friendly review from the British Association for Psychopharmacology on drug-based treatments for substance dependence offer authoritative, evidence-based guidance to prescribers and others; they also demonstrate the limitations of trying to cure over-use of drugs with drugs.
Review assesses the effectiveness selling points of four largely ‘privatised’ brand-name family therapies for troubled and delinquent teens. Yes, they work better than usual or individualised approaches, but not much and not always, and most of the research has been done by people who stand to gain from positive findings.
DOCUMENT 2012 HTM file
Alcohol problems in the criminal justice system: an opportunity for intervention
Based largely on prior research analyses and guidelines from the UK, these international guidelines offer an integrated model of best practice care for problem-drinking prisoners, grounded in research specific to prisons and in potentially applicable research in other settings.
This study of a cognitive-behavioural course for convicted drink-drivers in England and Wales found no evidence that it reduced the reconviction rate, another disappointing finding on this widely implemented family of crime- reduction approaches.
STUDY 2010 HTM file
A brief alcohol intervention for hazardously drinking incarcerated women
Could just two motivational interviewing sessions moderate the drinking of very heavy drinking US women prisoners? The surprise was not that there were few benefits, but that there were some, especially after the reinforcing session usually conducted after the prisoners' release.
STUDY 2008 HTM file
Female drinkers also benefit from couples therapy
The latest in what family therapy experts have called an impressive series of US studies on behavioural couples therapy for substance misuse found that the benefits extended to dependent female drinkers.
Aged 16 and smoking cannabis or drinking coming up to one day in three, US youngsters identified as substance users by their schools substantially cut back in response to just two motivational counselling sessions, and even more when a third session addressed the parents at home.
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