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Again an early schools programme which does not mention substance use at all but focuses on overall child development has later impacts on substance use (plus other benefits) as great as targeted drug education is typically able to produce.
STUDY 2004 PDF file 152Kb
Early teaching boost pays off six years later
Over six years later, children from poor US black families were far less likely to have tried heroin or cocaine after receiving an educational boost in their first year at primary school.
STUDY 2004 PDF file 181Kb
Family check-up builds on teachers' abilities to identify problem pupils
Using teachers' ratings to target the families of high-risk pupils, a US study has shown that a few hours spent improving parental monitoring and response to childrens' behaviour can lead two years later to reductions in substance use.
NASTY SURPRISES 2004 PDF file 211Kb
Confident kids ... like to party
Research challenging the presumption that because it is 'bad', then youth substance use must also be caused by and cause other 'bad' things. The nasty surprise is that by fostering socially skilled youngsters keen on sports, we can also be fostering substance use.
STUDY 2003 PDF file 151Kb
Drug education: inspections show that tick box returns are no guarantee of quality
On-the-ground inspections in England and Scotland reveal that impressive returns to national monitoring systems can obscure poor quality practice in schools; lack of interactivity in teaching methods is a major gap.
LETTER 2001 PDF file 173Kb
DARE studies out of date and evaluate just one third of the programme
DARE (UK) Chief Executive expresses disappointment at the comment in Findings issue 5 that "Dominant among the non-interactive programmes [Nancy Tobler] helped expose as preventive failures is DARE".
STUDY 2001 PDF file 391Kb
Prevention is a two-way process
In a series of renowned meta-analyses, Nancy Tobler integrated research on over 100 school prevention programmes: key message for educators, make it a dialogue, not a lecture. Here she gives an accessible, practice-oriented account of her findings.
STUDY 1999 PDF file 238Kb
Mixed results from UK pilot of US's most popular prevention programme
An evaluation of the police-led DARE (Drug Abuse Resistance Education) curriculum delivered to 10–11-year-old pupils found disappointing improvements in resistance skills but greater awareness of alcohol and tobacco as drugs.
REVIEW 1999 PDF file 342Kb
Teaching in the tender years
British review of primary school drug education concludes that long-term, intensive, interactive programmes involving parents and the wider community can have a worthwhile impact on later drug use.
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