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National UK policy recommendations for pre-school initiatives to forestall later problems including those related to substance use, based partly on a review of the most promising programmes.
NASTY SURPRISES 2004 PDF file 211Kb
Confident kids ... like to party
Research challenging the presumption that because it is 'bad', then youth substance use must also be caused by and cause other 'bad' things. The nasty surprise is that by fostering socially skilled youngsters keen on sports, we can also be fostering substance use.
FOOL'S GOLD 1999 PDF file 381Kb
False dawn for drug-free schools in Taiwan
In Taiwan, under-resourced schools, pressured to make unrealistic drug use reductions, found that fiddling the figures was the only way to avoid being seen to fail. Public and politicians thought things were fine until researchers uncovered the truth.
STUDY 1999 PDF file 223Kb
Students respond to brief alcohol intervention
High risk US students selected on the basis of their drinking at school cut their drinking at college in response to a brief face-to-face motivational interview with individualised risk assessments.
STUDY 1999 PDF file 634Kb
Deviant drug use susceptible to education
California pupils refused entry to normal secondary schools (many used drugs and/or were high risk) substantially reduced their hard drug use in special schools allocated to a three-week curriculum tailored to their needs.
STUDY 2001 PDF file 281Kb
Computerised feedback challenges belief that most drink more than me
Promising North American alcohol prevention programs exploit the interactivity of CD-ROMs or the internet to provide personalised feedback on (among other things) how the drinking of the the user compares to population norms.
REVIEW 2007 HTM file
Using correlational evidence to select youth for prevention programming
Is it best to focus prevention efforts on youngsters most likely to use substances - or will that miss out many future users who could have benefited from these efforts? This well informed and clear analysis concludes that we just can't predict well enough to risk leaving some youngsters out.
In what is becoming a pattern, this rigorous, real-world test of a prevention programme conducted by an independent researcher rather than the developer failed to replicate earlier positive results – in this case, in respect of an education/counselling programme for US teenagers diverted from mainstream schooling.
Addressing the substance use promoting tendencies of the personality traits of London secondary school pupils at particular risk of substance misuse led to less intensive drinking six months later, and there was some support for the psychological mechanisms thought to underpin the intervention.
Addressing the substance use promoting tendencies of the personality traits of London secondary school pupils at particular risk of substance misuse led to fewer drinking and, among the drinkers, fewer drinking heavily. The study showed that school staff could effectively conduct the focus group interventions.
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