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Commissioned by the English health department, the first study to model the impacts of alcohol policies by integrating data on pricing, promotion, purchasing, consumption and harm found that price rises or bans on promotions can bring major benefits. Findings informed a Home Office assessment of the impacts of raising the price of alcohol.
On the basis of US state-level data, concludes that higher alcohol taxes reduce the death rate by cutting consumption. Beneficial effects of moderate drinking in middle age are more than counter-balanced by adverse effects of heavier drinking and acute deaths in younger groups.
Comprehensive calculations from Australia offer clues to what in countries like the UK would make the biggest dent in alcohol-related harm at the lowest cost; top of the list were alcohol tax rises, advertising bans, licensing controls, and random breath testing.
As the UK considers minimum price policies, from an analysis of 112 studies comes the most reliable indication yet that raising the price of alcohol strongly reduces alcohol consumption, including rates of heavy drinking.
REVIEW 2008 HTM file
Alcohol misuse: tackling the UK epidemic
Report from Britain's trade union and professional association for doctors reviewing the extent and consequences of problem drinking in the UK and making recommendations for government action and evidence-based policies.
STUDY 2003 PDF file 130Kb
What happens when heroin supplies dry up?
The 2001 'heroin drought' in Australia can be seen as a test of what might happen if enforcement authorities dramatically reduced heroin supplies in a country with a thriving heroin market patronised by an established population of heroin addicts.
STUDY 2001 PDF file 199Kb
What effect do police crackdowns have on the demand for treatment?
Indicating that enforcement can foster treatment entry, in Switzerland and Australia police disruption of familiar and accessible heroin markets or the cumulation of enforcement pressure persuaded some users to enter methadone maintenance.
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