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You have found 93 entries after clicking on a search link (usually the MORE information link) in a matrix cell. Starting with the most recently added or updated entries, the list shows in orange the type of entry, year the original document was published (or if one of our own documents, the year last updated), and the type of file you will download when you click on the title. In blue is the document’s title followed by a brief description.

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STUDY 2005 PDF file 103Kb
Offenders do better in treatment if sanctions credible and clear

Offenders in New York ordered to the same residential therapeutic communities stayed longer and later committed fewer crimes if sent by criminal justice programmes which had credible sanctions and ensured offenders understand these and knew they were being monitored.

STUDY 2009 HTM file
Evaluation of the mandatory drug testing of arrestees pilot

Scotland withdrew funding when it saw this evaluation of testing for heroin/cocaine use on arrest. It looked like a very expensive way to get a few users in to treatment; at two of the three sites, six to eight times more costly per treatment entry than voluntary referral.

STUDY 2009 HTM file
A practical clinical trial of coordinated care management to treat substance use disorders among public assistance beneficiaries

Further demonstration from a US research team that relatively intensive case management support does help welfare applicants overcome substance use problems, but in this case only those not already managed through substitute prescribing.

STUDY 2005 PDF file 140Kb
Flexible DTTOs do most to cut crime

More flexible supervision requirements and more methadone treatment may account for why treatment-based court orders are completed far more often in Scotland than in England, improving recidivism rates.

STUDY 2009 HTM file
Drug and alcohol services in Scotland

Scotland's national audit body assesses value for money from drug and alcohol services. It found systems poorly informed by the problems to be addressed and what works in addressing them, and in respect of drugs, unclear about what 'value' consists of.

STUDY 2008 HTM file
Dedicated drug court pilots: a process report

Following the Scottish example, England has piloted drug courts using specially trained magistrates to closely supervise treatment-based community sentences. This initial report found no major glitches but low throughput and uncertain cost-benefits.

STUDY 2007 HTM file
The costs and consequences of three policy options for reducing heroin dependency

Australian study addressing an issue greatly exercising the UK: do you get greater returns per £ from residential rehabilitation or from substitute prescribing? In terms of reduction in the frequency of heroin use, prescribing was one-and-a-half to three times more cost-effective.

STUDY 2004 PDF file 118Kb
Drug courts can work in Britain

Early studies from Scotland provided affirmative answers to the first two questions about drug courts in Britain – whether they can be made to work and whether offenders can be retained on the court orders.

STUDY 2004 PDF file 91Kb
DTTOs' anti-crime impact undermined by a failure to retain offenders

The first published study on Drug Treatment and Testing Orders (treatment offered instead of normal sentencing) in Britain revealed that their impact on drug-related offenders was seriously undermined by widespread failure to complete the orders.

OFFCUT 2003 PDF file 246Kb
Criminalising drug possession in the Czech Republic did not reduce drug problems

When in 1999 the Czech Republic criminalised unauthorised possession of illegal drugs the result was to waste money on prosecutions which did little to reduce drug problems and deterred help-seeking.


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