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You have found 130 entries after clicking on a search link (usually the MORE information link) in a matrix cell. Sorted by the main topic addressed, the list shows in orange the type of entry, year the original document was published (or if one of our own documents, the year last updated), and the type of file you will download when you click on the title. In blue is the document’s title followed by a brief description.

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STUDY 2005 PDF file 103Kb
Offenders do better in treatment if sanctions credible and clear

Offenders in New York ordered to the same residential therapeutic communities stayed longer and later committed fewer crimes if sent by criminal justice programmes which had credible sanctions and ensured offenders understand these and knew they were being monitored.

STUDY 2009 HTM file
Review of the Glasgow & Fife drug courts

For Britain, US-inspired drug courts seemed a way to meld justice with treatment in to a more powerful anti-crime force than looser liaisons. But this Scottish study found no detectable anti-crime benefit; instead the main impact seems to have been to substantially raise costs.

DOCUMENT 2010 HTM file
The Patel report: Reducing drug-related crime and rehabilitating offenders

Investigation and recommendations from an expert group on drug treatment and interventions for people in prison in England calls for a clear focus on recovery and for the commissioning and coordination measures needed to improve outcomes without extra resources.

STUDY 2012 HTM file
A randomized trial of methadone initiation prior to release from incarceration

This US randomised trial in Rhode Island among formerly opiate dependent prisoners found that starting methadone treatment in prison radically improved treatment uptake on release and reduced heroin and cocaine use over the following six months, confirming results from Baltimore.

STUDY 2012 HTM file
Randomized trial of a reentry modified therapeutic community for offenders with co-occurring disorders: crime outcomes

From the USA, the first randomised trial of a post-prison therapeutic community designed for psychologically disturbed problem substance using offenders found it halved the numbers reimprisoned and did even better when preceded by similar in-prison treatment, confirmation that what happens when people leave prison can be critical.

REVIEW 1999 HTM file
Barriers to implementing effective correctional drug treatment programs

Expertly describes and evaluates the difficulties of mounting drug treatment programmes in prisons, drawing on the pooled knowledge and experience of leading US researchers on why real-world programmes sometimes fail to live up to expectations based on more ideal-world trials. Though focused on prison, much is relevant also to community sentences.

STUDY 2014 HTM file
For whom does prison-based drug treatment work? Results from a randomized experiment

For the first time in a prison setting a randomised trial rigorously compared intensive residential therapeutic community treatment to outpatient counselling. Confounding expectations, the US prison for problem drug users which hosted the study gained nothing in terms of preventing recidivism by allocating even high-risk prisoners to the more intensive treatment.

STUDY 2015 HTM file
Changing patterns of substance misuse in adult prisons and service responses

Inspection findings on individual prisons were supplemented by fieldwork in eight prisons in 2014 to generate an overall picture of drug use and responses to it in prisons and England and Wales. In the face of rapidly changing and varied drug use patterns, policy and operational responses were seen as insufficiently flexible and dynamic, though treatment had dramatically improved.

STUDY 2003 PDF file 148Kb
Arrest referral tackles drug-driven crime

Interim report of the first national evaluation suggests that voluntary arrest referral schemes in Britain reach many thousands of criminally active but previously untreated drug users and contribute to reductions in drug use and crime.

STUDY 2004 PDF file 166Kb
Dual diagnosis add-on to mental health services improves outcomes

A unique British study has found that treatment-resistant schizophrenic patients benefit from additional integrated substance use/mental health therapy, which may also save costs by reducing the need for inpatient care.


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