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You have found 81 entries after clicking the GO button or a search link in a hot topic. Starting with analyses of the most recently published documents, the list shows in orange the type of entry, year the original document was published (or if one of our own documents, the year last updated), and the type of file you will download when you click on the title. In blue is the document’s title followed by a brief description.

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DOCUMENT 2009 HTM file
Management of cannabis use disorder and related issues: a clinician’s guide

Guidance funded by the Australian government and systematically based on the evidence. Covers the range of cannabis use interventions from brief advice for users identified by screening through to managing withdrawal and treating dependence.

REVIEW ABSTRACT 2009 HTM file
Cognitive-behavioral treatment with adult alcohol and illicit drug users: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

Cognitive-behavioural therapies are among the most widespread and influential approaches to substance use, yet this analysis found they conferred just a small advantage over other therapies. Perhaps other features are more important than the therapeutic 'brand'.

STUDY 2008 HTM file
Screening, brief interventions, referral to treatment (SBIRT) for illicit drug and alcohol use at multiple healthcare sites: comparison at intake and 6 months later

This huge US study set out to test whether widespread screening and brief intervention for illegal drug use (not just heavy drinking) could be implemented in a variety of general medical settings and whether it was effective. Both tests seem to have been passed, but with some important caveats.

REVIEW 2008 HTM file
Treating pregnant women dependent on opioids is not the same as treating pregnancy and opioid dependence: a knowledge synthesis for better treatment for women and neonates

New guidance on managing pregnant women dependent on heroin and allied drugs emphasises that maintenance prescribing is the core treatment but holistic, individualised care is essential; its warnings about the dangers of detoxification are not universally accepted.

STUDY 2008 HTM file
The effectiveness of a brief intervention for illicit drugs linked to the Alcohol, Smoking and Substance Involvement Screening Test (ASSIST) in primary health care settings: a technical report of phase III findings of the WHO ASSIST randomized controlled trial

Rare attempt at screening and brief intervention for actual or potential problems arising from illegal drug use among primary care patients suggests that screening itself reduces use levels and that further intervention might be worthwhile among high-risk populations.

STUDY 2008 HTM file
Coping skills training and contingency management treatments for marijuana dependence: exploring mechanisms of behavior change

Rare glimpse 'under the hood' of contingency management suggests that unless the patient sees themselves as having actively mastered their dependence and has developed anti-relapse strategies, effects of rewarding abstinence will be short-lived.

REVIEW 2006 PDF file 1464Kb
Motivational arm twisting: contradiction in terms?

Part 4 of the Manners Matter series asks whether motivational interviewing can overcome the hostile prison environment and the distrust of youngsters, drink drivers and other offenders pressured into counselling by the criminal justice system.

STUDY 2006 PDF file 169Kb
Soup kitchen turned into therapeutic setting

A successful group therapy programme at a large New York soup kitchen shows that welfare services with high concentrations of problem substance users can be transformed from environments which impede recovery into ones which promote it.

STUDY 2005 PDF file 149Kb
Addressing medical and welfare needs improves treatment retention and outcomes

In this US treatment study, receiving services matched to need was associated with greater reductions in illegal drug use, supporting calls for services to address not just dependence but also medical, psychological, social, housing, and vocational needs.

STUDY 2005 PDF file 150Kb
Brief interventions short-change some heavily dependent cannabis users

This large US study demonstrated that dependent cannabis users can benefit from individualised therapy which extends beyond the brief approaches previously found to produce outcomes equivalent to longer treatments.


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