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STUDY 2008 HTM file
Treatment on bail makes little discernable difference

In 2004-5 three English areas piloted a court order which made assessment and if indicated treatment a condition of non-custodial bail. It prompted some defendants to enter treatment but impacts on retention, offending and imprisonment could not be shown.

STUDY 2008 HTM file
Botched DTTO response to crack using offenders

A report on how in 2003 and 2004 three English treatment and testing teams handled their crack using caseloads revealed poor management, strained inter-agency relations and either unknown or poor outcomes.

STUDY 2001 PDF file 112Kb
Treatment and testing orders should make a substantial dent in drug-related social costs

DTTOs were the UK's first borrowing from US drug courts with judges in the driving seat of treatment in sentences intended to avoid prison for drug-driven offenders. This evaluation reveals plusses but also minuses in the form of widespread breaches.

STUDY 2000 PDF file 581Kb
Force in the sunshine state

Early in the 1960s administrative blunders in California paved the way for what remains the most convincing test of court-ordered treatment. The mistakes created a near-perfect yet natural control group against which to compare outcomes.

IN PRACTICE 2000 PDF file 665Kb
Oiling the wheels

From the south west of England, a frank account what it takes to get treatment services to accept the judgements of their peers and to make this an engine for improvement rather than a source of conflict.

STUDY 2000 PDF file 112Kb
Client-receptive treatment more important than treatment-receptive clients

A careful analysis of US drug counselling confirms that engaging with treatment is linked to good outcomes and that both depend on how well the counsellor relates to the client, which cannot be reduced to simplistic matching on gender and race.

STUDY 2000 PDF file 118Kb
Confidence helps resist a return to drinking

A Scottish study suggests that severely alcoholic men lacking social supports for a drink-free life can be trained to resist a return to heavy drinking, as long as they are helped to feel sufficiently confident in their abilities.

STUDY 2000 PDF file 149Kb
Clash of philosophies impedes work with young drug using offenders

Two innovative British projects provide valuable lessons about the problems of integrating drug counsellors in a youth justice setting and how these might be dealt with in order to more effectively tackle youth offending.

STUDY 2000 PDF file 110Kb
Mandatory aftercare (probably) reduces recidivism after prison treatment

Reduced reoffending after treatment in Texas's first prison-based therapeutic community for drug users depended on completion of a residential aftercare phase, reinforcing the throughcare element of UK prison service plans.


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