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Effectiveness bank home page. Opens new window Matrix search results

You have found 84 entries after clicking on a search link (usually the MORE information link) in a matrix cell. Starting with the most recently added or updated entries, the list shows in orange the type of entry, year the original document was published (or if one of our own documents, the year last updated), and the type of file you will download when you click on the title. In blue is the document’s title followed by a brief description.

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REVIEW 2018 HTM file
Therapist self-disclosure and immediacy: a qualitative meta-analysis

It’s a dilemma for all therapists and counsellors – how much to disclose about yourself. Another difficult decision is when to directly confront what is happening and being felt then and there in therapy. A review for the American Psychological Association finds that positive reactions generally follow these therapist interventions, but they can also backfire. Guidance is offered on when to try them.

REVIEW 2018 HTM file
Congruence/genuineness: a meta-analysis

Research findings amalgamated for the American Psychological Association show that in the (mainly Western) cultures where these studies have been done, outcomes improve the more therapists are seen as genuine by their clients and relating to them human to human rather than as an authority figure.

REVIEW 2018 HTM file
Positive regard and psychotherapy outcome: a meta-analytic review

Findings amalgamated for the American Psychological Association show that across psychotherapy studies, outcomes improve the more therapists consistently demonstrate warmth and high regard for their clients – given the stigma and low regard attached to dependent substance use(rs), findings with important implications for promoting recovery.

REVIEW 2018 HTM file
Meta-analyses of the relation of goal consensus and collaboration to psychotherapy outcome

Research findings amalgamated for the American Psychological Association show that outcomes are substantially better the more clients and therapists agree on goals and methods and form collaborative working relationships to implement those agreements. The findings support engaging patients as partners in setting treatment goals and methods.

REVIEW 2018 HTM file
Cohesion in group therapy: a meta-analysis

A review commissioned by the American Psychological Association suggests that fostering cohesion between leaders and groups and within groups is an important way to improve group therapy outcomes. Practice recommendations are offered to help group leaders make the most of this common substance use treatment modality.

REVIEW 2018 HTM file
Therapist empathy and client outcome: an updated meta-analysis

Review commissioned by the American Psychological Association finds that the more therapists empathically communicate their understanding of and compassion for clients, the better the outcomes. Recommendations will help counsellors, therapists, trainers and supervisors foster this important foundation for therapist–client relationships.

COLLECTION 2018 HTM file
The client–therapist relationship

‘Collections’ are customised Effectiveness Bank searches not available via the standard options in the search pages. At the heart of addiction treatment lies client–therapist relationships, across psychotherapy a stronger influence on how well clients do than the type of therapy.

REVIEW 2011 HTM file
Adapting psychotherapy to the individual patient: Resistance/reactance level

Meta-analytic review commissioned by a US task force concludes that psychotherapy patients who characteristically exhibit low levels of resistance or reactance respond better to directive types of treatment, while reactive patients prone to resist direction respond best to non-directive approaches.

STUDY 2012 HTM file
Does active referral by a doctor or 12-step peer improve 12-step meeting attendance? Results from a pilot randomised control trial

In the context of current UK policy, this is a key study, testing the ambition to extend recovery beyond formal treatment by systematically linking patients to mutual aid groups, the main way it is being suggested commissioners can square the circle of doing more (recovery is seen as a whole-life transformation) with less.

MATRIX CELL 2018 HTM file
Drug Treatment Matrix cell B4: Practitioners; Psychosocial therapies

Seminal and key studies on the impact of the practitioner in psychosocial therapies. Takes Carl Rogers’s seminal theories as its starting point and guides you through the complexities which obscure the impact of client-worker relationships despite their patent important to the clients.


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