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You have found 52 entries. Starting with analyses of the most recently published documents, the list shows in orange the type of entry, year the original document was published (or if one of our own documents, the year last updated), and the type of file you will download when you click on the title. In blue is the document’s title followed by a brief description.

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STUDY 2010 HTM file
A comparison of two single-item screeners for hazardous drinking and alcohol use disorder

Can you get away with asking just a single question to identify risky drinkers and even dependent drinkers? When the thresholds are suitably adjusted, asking either about frequency of heavy drinking or maximum single-occasion consumption worked remarkably well in the US general population.

REVIEW 2010 HTM file
Brief screening questionnaires to identify problem drinking during pregnancy: a systematic review

Heavy drinking by mothers-to-be threatens their unborn child – but for that very reason, stigma may mean women shy away from admitting their problem. This review found several brief screening questionnaires showed promise in identifying mothers who might need to cut back, while others seemed unsuitable for the antenatal care context.

STUDY 2009 HTM file
Counselor skill influences outcomes of brief motivational interventions

Few studies can manage the painstaking analyses needed to identify what makes for successful counselling. This Swiss study broke new ground in dissecting why some brief interventionists had far better results than others with risky drinking A&E patients.

STUDY 2009 HTM file
Does implementation of clinical practice guidelines change nurses' screening for alcohol and other substance use?

Hospital nurses in Sydney in Australia were trained to implement a new screening and intervention policy aiming to upgrade the identification of hazardous drinkers and other substance users among medical and surgical inpatients. Disappointing results highlight the need to do more than inform and exhort if practice is to change.

DOCUMENT 2009 HTM file
Screening and brief interventions (SBI) for unhealthy alcohol use: a step-by-step implementation guide for trauma centers

Based on research findings, a practical US government guide for trauma centres dealing with serious injuries on how to plan, implement and monitor a programme to identify risky drinking among their patients and to offer appropriate advice and referral.

STUDY 2009 HTM file
Consultation-liaison psychiatry in general hospitals: improvement in physicians’ detection rates of alcohol use disorders

When an addiction psychiatrist modelled good alcohol assessment practice while accompanying doctors once a week during their ward rounds, the result was steeply increased rates of correct diagnosis of drink problems and of referral to treatment, offering an alternative to possibly unwelcome training or direction of clinical staff.

STUDY 2008 HTM file
Brief contact and written advice as effective as a longer talk for heavy drinking hospital patients

Scottish study suggests there is no need for sophisticated and extended advice to prompt heavy drinking hospital patients to cut down, making the case for low cost, large scale screening and intervention.

STUDY 2008 HTM file
Screening, brief interventions, referral to treatment (SBIRT) for illicit drug and alcohol use at multiple healthcare sites: comparison at intake and 6 months later

This huge US study set out to test whether widespread screening and brief intervention for illegal drug use (not just heavy drinking) could be implemented in a variety of general medical settings and whether it was effective. Both tests seem to have been passed, but with some important caveats.

REVIEW 2008 HTM file
Systematic review and meta-analyses of strategies targeting alcohol problems in emergency departments: interventions reduce alcohol-related injuries

Combining results from the few available evaluations of emergency department-based alcohol interventions suggests these substantially reduce alcohol-related injuries, but the estimate may not be applicable outside the USA or to all emergency patients.

REVIEW 2008 HTM file
A systematic review of emergency care brief alcohol interventions for injury patients

Confirmation that brief advice to risky drinkers identified in accident and emergency departments can cut drinking and reduce the chance of further injuries and readmissions; the issue now is why this happens sometimes but not always.


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