Effectiveness bank home page. Opens new window Subject search results

You have found 159 entries. Starting with analyses of the most recently published documents, the list shows in orange the type of entry, year the original document was published (or if one of our own documents, the year last updated), and the type of file you will download when you click on the title. In blue is the document’s title followed by a brief description.

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STUDY 2008 HTM file
Style not content key to matching patients to therapeutic approaches

Analysis of videoed therapy sessions from a Project MATCH alcohol treatment trial clinic showed that whether therapists appropriately adjusted their interpersonal style to the patient mattered more than which therapy they practised.

REVIEW 2008 HTM file
Systematic review and meta-analyses of strategies targeting alcohol problems in emergency departments: interventions reduce alcohol-related injuries

Combining results from the few available evaluations of emergency department-based alcohol interventions suggests these substantially reduce alcohol-related injuries, but the estimate may not be applicable outside the USA or to all emergency patients.

STUDY 2008 HTM file
Improving public addiction treatment through performance contracting: the Delaware experiment

Instead of telling addiction treatment providers what to do to qualify for funding, the US state of Delaware set recruitment and engagement targets and largely left the methods up to the services. Result: more and more engaging treatment without stifling innovation.

STUDY 2008 HTM file
Final report on the evaluation of ‘Option 2’

This evaluation of an intensive child protection service for children with substance misusing parents was the first in Britain to recruit an adequate comparison sample, a vital step in assessing effectiveness. Main finding was reduced need for long-term removal from the home.

REVIEW 2008 HTM file
Psychosocial interventions for people with both severe mental illness and substance misuse

Latest update from the respected Cochrane review process still finds no reason to advocate replacing conventional care with specialised therapeutic approaches/teams when severe mental illness is complicated by substance use.

STUDY 2008 HTM file
The effectiveness of a brief intervention for illicit drugs linked to the Alcohol, Smoking and Substance Involvement Screening Test (ASSIST) in primary health care settings: a technical report of phase III findings of the WHO ASSIST randomized controlled trial

Rare attempt at screening and brief intervention for actual or potential problems arising from illegal drug use among primary care patients suggests that screening itself reduces use levels and that further intervention might be worthwhile among high-risk populations.

STUDY 2008 HTM file
Evaluation of a telephone-based stepped care intervention for alcohol-related disorders: a randomized controlled trial

This German study saved valuable counselling time by only offering further advice to primary care patients who had not yet responded to brief computerised feedback on their risky drinking.

STUDY 2008 HTM file
Coping skills training and contingency management treatments for marijuana dependence: exploring mechanisms of behavior change

Rare glimpse 'under the hood' of contingency management suggests that unless the patient sees themselves as having actively mastered their dependence and has developed anti-relapse strategies, effects of rewarding abstinence will be short-lived.

STUDY 2007 HTM file
The impact of screening, brief intervention, and referral for treatment on emergency department patients' alcohol use

Just a few minutes with specially hired screening and intervention staff can make a difference to emergency patients' drinking, but in the real world the hospital's own staff will usually do this work. A US study tested this real-world scenario and still found (modest) drinking reductions.

DOCUMENT 2007 HTM file
Drug misuse in over 16s: psychosocial interventions

After examining the evidence for psychosocial therapies for problem drug use, the UK’s official health advisers recommend behavioural couples therapy and contingency management, argue against cognitive-behavioural therapies, and pose residential rehabilitation as a last resort – in some respects surprising and controversial recommendations.


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