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You have found 159 entries. Starting with analyses of the most recently published documents, the list shows in orange the type of entry, year the original document was published (or if one of our own documents, the year last updated), and the type of file you will download when you click on the title. In blue is the document’s title followed by a brief description.

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REVIEW 2016 HTM file
Systematic review of interventions to reduce problematic alcohol use in men who have sex with men

With an ‘alarmingly scarce’ evidence base to go on, the researchers draw parallels with the broader alcohol treatment literature, finding some support for interventions with motivational components among cohorts of gay and bisexual men, for whom heavy drinking is associated with more severe and chronic consequences.

REVIEW 2016 HTM file
Emergency department-based brief interventions for individuals with substance-related problems: A review of effectiveness

Scant research into brief interventions targeting harmful drug use in emergency departments prevents firm conclusions being drawn about their effectiveness. But, recognised benefits for alcohol, and likely cost-effectiveness, suggest that brief interventions may be appropriate within emergency care settings.

REVIEW 2015 HTM file
Psychological and psychosocial interventions for cannabis cessation in adults: a systematic review short report

Conclusions supportive of cognitive-behavioural therapy for problem cannabis use from this authoritative UK assessment seem to conflict with earlier UK guidelines, though both query whether extended cognitive-behavioural therapy offers added value compared to briefer approaches.

STUDY 2015 HTM file
Maintenance check-ups following treatment for cannabis dependence

Arranging aftercare check-ups to see how cannabis-dependent patients were doing and whether they needed to return to treatment helped sustain cannabis use reductions – but why did this advantage emerge even before the first check-up?

STUDY 2015 HTM file
Computer-delivered screening and brief intervention for alcohol use in pregnancy: a pilot randomized trial

A computer-delivered brief intervention plus booster mailings increased the alcohol abstinence rate and improved pregnancy outcomes among risky drinking pregnant women recruited at a US antenatal clinic, though in this small pilot trial the results were not statistically significant.

REVIEW 2015 HTM file
Brief interventions to prevent recurrence and alcohol-related problems in young adults admitted to the emergency ward following an alcohol-related event: a systematic review

Analysis of the only four randomised trials of brief alcohol interventions among 18–24-years-olds seen at emergency departments after getting drunk tentatively suggested that booster sessions or later advice are needed to reduce drinking.

REVIEW 2015 HTM file
Prevention of addictive behaviours

Based largely on existing reviews, this report for the German Federal Centre for Health Education comprehensively assesses substance use prevention approaches. Among its many conclusions are that approaches based solely on information provision are ineffective, in contrast to the more positive evidence for lifeskills and multi-component community programmes.

STUDY 2015 HTM file
A 9-month follow-up of a 3-month web-based alcohol treatment program using intensive asynchronous therapeutic support

In the Netherlands an intensive cognitive-behavioural treatment programme for problem drinkers based on messages sent via a web site between therapist and patient achieved substantial remission in drinking and improvements in health – promising results undermined somewhat by how few patients were followed up.

STUDY 2015 HTM file
Randomized controlled trial of motivational interviewing for reducing injection risk behaviours among people who inject drugs

Injectors at risk of infection due to sharing equipment responded best to brief risk-reduction counselling based on motivational rather than educational principles, offering a way to augment the benefits of harm reduction services.

STUDY 2015 HTM file
The effectiveness of brief alcohol interventions delivered by community pharmacists: randomized controlled trial

Despite a clear rationale for embedding brief interventions in community pharmacies, this UK trial found no evidence that they would reduce hazardous or harmful drinking.


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