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STUDY 2010 HTM file
Alcohol screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment conducted by emergency nurses: an impact evaluation

At over 50%, this US study's main achievement may have been to show that emergency department nurses can screen a high proportion of patients for risky drinking. After that point it suffered from a low intervention implementation rate, and no statistically significant benefits were found.

STUDY 2010 HTM file
Personality-targeted interventions delay uptake of drinking and decrease risk of alcohol-related problems when delivered by teachers

Addressing the substance use promoting tendencies of the personality traits of London secondary school pupils at particular risk of substance misuse led to fewer drinking and, among the drinkers, fewer drinking heavily. The study showed that school staff could effectively conduct the focus group interventions.

STUDY 2010 HTM file
Effect of motivational interviewing on reduction of alcohol use

At Californian methadone clinics, group education sessions led by a nurse and focused on the risks of aggravating hepatitis infection led to the same substantial reductions in drinking as one-to-one or group motivational interviewing conducted by highly trained counsellors, offering a cost-effective means to reduce alcohol-related risks.

STUDY 2010 HTM file
Is heroin-assisted treatment effective for patients with no previous maintenance treatment? Results from a German randomised controlled trial

Uniquely among modern heroin prescribing trials, the trial in Germany was not confined to heroin-addicted patients who had done poorly on methadone, offering the opportunity to assess whether heroin should be reserved for these patients. The conclusion was that other patients too benefit more from injectable heroin than oral methadone.

STUDY 2010 HTM file
Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT): 12-month outcomes of a randomized controlled clinical trial in a Polish emergency department

The first European trial of an emergency department brief alcohol intervention being implemented nationally in the USA found no significant impacts either short term or a year later, but in Britain and elsewhere, different types of interventions have worked.

STUDY 2010 HTM file
Cost-effectiveness of home visits in the outpatient treatment of patients with alcohol dependence

In Brazil adding home visits to a three-month alcohol detoxification and treatment programme cost-effectively increased the abstinence rate at the end of treatment.

STUDY 2010 HTM file
Routine alcohol screening and brief interventions in general hospital in-patient wards: acceptability and barriers

At three London hospitals 4% of inpatients completed a brief alcohol intervention after being screened for hazardous drinking by ward staff. Staff were positive and on one ward nearly half the patients were screened and one in ten counselled, but the overall results are unlikely to dent the public health burden imposed by risky drinking.

REVIEW 2010 HTM file
A review of motivational interviewing-based interventions targeting problematic drinking among college students

Studies published in the mid-2000s confirm that counselling based on motivational interviewing helps heavy drinking US college students control their drinking and reduce related problems.

STUDY 2010 HTM file
Improving lifestyle and risk perception through patient involvement in nurse-led cardiovascular risk management: a cluster-randomized controlled trial in primary care

Dutch general practice patients at risk of cardiovascular disease did not further reduce their risks (including drinking and smoking) in response to motivational counselling from the practice nurse. Why did a well worked out, multi-session intervention fail to better usual care? The probable answer is among the common factors which transcend therapies.

STUDY 2010 HTM file
Clinical outcomes of a brief motivational intervention for heavy drinking mandated college students: a pilot study

Is being caught and disciplined all it takes to get heavy drinkers who violate university drinking rules to cut back? According to this US study, the discipline process does work, but adding brief motivational-style advice makes a worthwhile extra impact.


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