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You have found 90 entries after clicking on a search link (usually the MORE information link) in a matrix cell. Sorted by the main topic addressed, the list shows in orange the type of entry, year the original document was published (or if one of our own documents, the year last updated), and the type of file you will download when you click on the title. In blue is the document’s title followed by a brief description.

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DOCUMENT 2013 HTM file
When confrontation was challenged

Focus is on a seminal study from motivational interviewing’s originator which more than any other heightened the profile of the therapist’s interpersonal style in substance use counselling, seeming to confirm that heavy drinkers react best to non-confrontational nudging rather than the more bludgeoning style typical of the time.

DOCUMENT 2013 HTM file
Sometimes best to break the rules

Motivational interviewing’s ‘Do not dos’ like avoiding confrontation were intended to sidestep the traps which provoke clients to dig in their heels or disengage. Imagine then the upset of discovering that in certain circumstances, the opposite is the case; the explanation appeared to lie in coming across as ‘genuine’.

STUDY 1977 HTM file
Effect of counselor expectations on alcoholic recovery

Could negativity about the recovery chances of disadvantaged drinkers become self-fulfilling prophecies? This hidden gem study from the late ’70s suggests they can, and that bolstering counsellors’ expectations promotes commitment to treatment and recovery among the least promising of clients.

REVIEW 2018 HTM file
The real relationship and its role in psychotherapy outcome: a meta-analysis

Findings amalgamated for the American Psychological Association indicate that patient progress and treatment quality are strongly related to the strength of the personal (‘real’) relationship between client and therapist – more strongly than the working relationship focused on the therapy. Showing that you like, value and care for someone may be therapeutic in itself.

COLLECTION 2016 HTM file
The common core of therapy

‘Collections’ are customised Effectiveness Bank searches not available via the standard options in the search pages. Lists entries relating to ‘Dodo bird’ findings that all bona fide therapies tend to have similar effects. Across mental health and behavioural problems, such findings have turned attention to the ‘common factors’ shared by therapies rather than how they differ.

HOT TOPIC 2016 HTM file
Treatment staff matter

One of our hot topics offering background and analysis on important issues which sometimes generate heated debate. By focusing on the intervention as if it were a mechanical lever, research has not just ignored but sought to eliminate what now seems a more important factor – the influence of the practitioner and how they relate to the patient.

REVIEW 2011 HTM file
Evidence-based psychotherapy relationships: Alliance in individual psychotherapy

This comprehensive meta-analytic review commissioned by the American Psychological Association finds that the relationship between psychotherapist and client is one of the largest and most consistent indicators of outcomes. Authoritative practice recommendations will aid substance use counsellors and therapists.

REVIEW 2011 HTM file
Evidence-based psychotherapy relationships: Positive regard

This meta-analytic review commissioned by the American Psychological Association finds outcomes improve the more therapists are consistently warm and show high regard for clients. Given the stigma and low regard attached to addiction and addicts, these findings have important implications for promoting recovery.

REVIEW 2011 HTM file
Evidence-based psychotherapy relationships: Empathy

This meta-analytic review commissioned by the American Psychological Association finds that the more therapists communicate their understanding of and compassion for clients, the better the outcomes. Recommendations will aid counsellors and therapists and help workforce development staff foster this important attribute.

REVIEW 2018 HTM file
The alliance in adult psychotherapy: a meta-analytic synthesis

Comprehensive review for the American Psychological Association concludes that the working relationship between clients and their counsellors or therapists is one of the largest and most consistent determinants of outcomes. Practice recommendations aim to help practitioners foster strong relationships.


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