Effectiveness Bank web site Collections
Supported by    Society for the Study of Addiction web site   Alcohol Change UK web site
Searching for answers to common questions
How do women’s substance use problems, needs and outcomes differ from those of men? What impact does the client–therapist relationship have on treatment? How have classic drug and alcohol studies shaped the way we respond to ‘addiction’ and ‘dependence’ today?

Try one of our 11 customised searches of the Effectiveness Bank to find answers to common questions and evidence organised into core themes. A sample of entries from the Old Gold collection (seminal studies of lasting significance) is shown below.

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A window into the Old Gold archive

Frontiers of ‘alcoholism’ (1970)
Later to become founding director of the US National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, in the late 1950s Dr Morris Chafetz of the Massachusetts General Hospital conducted a remarkable series of studies which proved that an alcohol clinic's intake and performance can be transformed by the simple application of empathy and organisation.

The danger of warnings (1975)
In the early 1970s Dutch health educators put the dominant ‘scare’ approach to drug education to the test and found it led to more substance use. Their study caused a rethink of national policy here and in the Netherlands.

What Vietnam veterans taught us about heroin (1977)
Reprint of a 1977 presentation of one of the most influential studies of heroin ever conducted, which called into question its supposed addictive qualities, the need for prolonged treatment and abstinence to overcome addiction, and whether heroin use inevitably causes major social problems.

High time for harm reduction? (1987)
Impelled by the injecting-related AIDS crisis, Merseyside was where harm reduction in the UK first took root. From there in 1987 came this groundbreaking call for a turn away from what was seen as a failed attempt to prevent use to mitigating the harm. Expressed modestly as a “prudent” suggestion, with Russell Newcombe’s essay, “harm reduction” had come of age.

When confrontation was challenged (1993)
Focus is on a study from motivational interviewing’s originator which more than any other heightened the profile of the therapist’s interpersonal style in substance use counselling, seeming to confirm that heavy drinkers react best to non-confrontational nudging rather than the more bludgeoning style typical of the time.

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The Drug and Alcohol Findings Effectiveness Bank offers a free mailing list service updating subscribers to UK-relevant evaluations of drug/alcohol interventions. Findings is supported by the Society for the Study of Addiction and Alcohol Change UK, and advised by the National Addiction Centre.